Chapter 32 Study Guide The Politics of Boom and Bust: 1920--1932



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Chapter 32 Study Guide

The Politics of Boom and Bust: 1920--1932

Provide a brief description of the historical significance for each term.





1.

Warren G. Harding



2.

Charles Evans Hughes



3.

Andrew Mellon



4.

Herbert Hoover



5.

Albert B. Fall



6.

Harry M. Daugherty



7.

Charles R. Forbes



8.

Calvin Coolidge



9.

John W. Davis



10.

Robert La Follette



11.

Alfred E. Smith



12.

“Ohio Gang”



13.

trade associations



14.

American Legion




15.

Washington Conference



16.

Kellogg-Briand Pact





17.

Fordney-McCumber Tariff



18.

Teapot Dome



19.

McNary-Haugen Bill



20.

Progressive party



21.

Dawes plan



22.

”Hoovercrats”



23.

Hawley-Smoot Tariff



24.

Black Tuesday



25.

Muscle Shoals Bill



26.

Reconstruction Finance Corporation



27.

Bonus Army



28.

Stimson doctrine

Provide a short response to the following questions:




29.

Describe Warren G. Harding's weaknesses as president.



30.

Match each member of President Harding's cabinet below with his major area of responsibility.

A. Charles Evans Hughes

B. Andrew Mellon

2. naval oil reserves

C. Herbert Hoover

3. naval arms limitation

D. Albert Fall

4. foreign trade and trade associations

E. Harry Daugherty

5. justice and law enforcement







31.

Which members of President Harding's cabinet proved to be incompetent and corrupt?




32.

Describe Republican economic policies under Warren G. Harding. What was their goal?




33.

During the 1920s, how did the Supreme Court rule on progressive legislation?




34.

_________________________________________________________ was (were) adversely affected by the demobilization policies adopted by the federal government at the end of World War I.




35.

What was the focus of the Supreme Court cases of Muller and Adkins?




36.

What was the non-business group that realized the most significant, lasting gains from World War I?




37.

One exception to President Warren G. Harding's policy of isolationism involved in the Middle East, where the United States sought to do what?




38.

Warren G. Harding was willing to seize the initiative on the issue of international disarmament due to what position of American businesspeople?




39.

What was the purpose of the 1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact?




40.

In the 1920s the Fordney-McCumber Tariff ___________________________ tariff rates and the Hawley-Smoot Tariff ______________________________ tariff rates, so that by 1930 the tariff rates had been substantially _________________________________ from the opening of the decade. (answer either: RAISED or LOWERED)




41.

What were the consequences of the American policy of raising tariffs sky-high in the 1920s?




42.

The Teapot Dome scandal involved the corrupt mishandling of what particular location?




43.

The major political scandal of Harding's administration resulted in the conviction and imprisonment of who?




44.

Briefly describe the characteristics of President Coolidge.




45.

During Coolidge's presidency, government policy was set largely by the interests and values of what group?




46.

After the initial shock of the Harding scandals, how did many Americans react?




47.

What was one of the major problems facing farmers in the 1920s?




48.

In the mid-1920s President Coolidge twice refused to sign legislation proposing what?




49.

The intended beneficiaries of the McNary-Haugen Bill were ___________________________________; the intended beneficiaries of the Norris-LaGuardia Act were ___________________________________________.




50.

Which of the following splits did not affect the Democratic party in 1924?

A)

“wets” versus “drys”

B)

immigrants versus old-stock Americans

C)

urbanites versus suburbanites

D)

Fundamentalists versus Modernists

E)

northern liberals versus southern conservatives



51.

What did Senator Robert La Follette's Progressive party advocate?




52.

In 1924 the Democratic party convention failed by a single vote to adopt a resolution condemning what?










53.

The Progressive party did not do well in the 1924 election due to what?




54.

In the early 1920s, what role was America playing in the Caribbean and Central America?




55.

America's European allies argued that they should not have to repay loans that the United States made to them during World War I for what reason?




56.

As a result of America's insistence that its Allies' war debts be repaid in full, what do France and Britain demand?




57.

What was America's major foreign-policy problem in the 1920s addressed by the Dawes Plan?




58.

According to the textbook, who was the most colorful presidential candidate of the 1920s ?




59.

What were the political liabilities for Alfred E. Smith?




60.

What was one of Herbert Hoover's chief strengths as a presidential candidate?




61.

When elected to the presidency in 1928, how did Herbert Hoover approach his values and needs of corporate America?





62.

The Federal Farm Board, created by the Agricultural Marketing Act, lent money to farmers primarily to help them to do what?




63.

As a result of the Hawley-Smoot Tariff of 1930, what happens to the worldwide depression?




64.

In America, how does the Great Depression effect the birthrate?




65.

President Herbert Hoover believed that the Great Depression could be ended by doing what?




66.

What was President Hoover's approach to the Great Depression?




67.

The “alphabetical agency” set up under Hoover's administration to provide aid to business and local governments was ______________________________________________________.



68.

The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was established to do what?




69.

The Bonus Expeditionary Force marched on Washington, D.C., in 1932 to demand what?




70.

President Hoover's public image was severely damaged by his terrible handling of what event?




71.

In response to the League of Nations' investigation into Japan's invasion and occupation of Manchuria, what does Japan do?




72.

The 1932 Stimson doctrine declares what?


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