Chapter 3 Federalism: Forging a Nation Chapter Outline



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True/False
1. Federalism is the name given to a system of allocating power between the nation and the states.

a. True


b. False
2. The supremacy clause protects state power in providing that state law is supreme to conflicting national law.

a. True


b. False
3. The authority of the national government is specified by the Constitution’s enumerated and implied powers. Authority not granted in this way is left to the states as reserved powers.

a. True


b. False
4. In the McCulloch case, the meaning of the “necessary and proper” clause was tested over the issue of whether the national government could establish a postal service.

a. True


b. False
5. In 1886, the Supreme Court ruled that corporations were “persons” under the Fourteenth Amendment and thus could protect their property rights from state regulation.

a. True


b. False
6. In the twentieth century, the national government expanded its economic power, supported by its superior taxing powers and a broad interpretation of the commerce clause.

a. True


b. False
7. Block grants allow state and local officials to exercise discretion in the national government over the use of federal funds within broad categories such as education or health.

a. True


b. False
8. Under the first national government based on the Articles of Confederation, the American national government was weak because the central government had no way, short of war on the states, to make the states comply with laws.

a. True


b. False
9. Recently, officials at all levels have looked to categorical grants as the key to a more workable form of federalism.

a. True


b. False
10. Most countries in the world have a federalist type government similar to that of the United States.

a. True


b. False
Essay


  1. Why did the framers choose to create a federal system of government?



  1. Describe the doctrine of dual federalism.



  1. Describe the doctrine of cooperative federalism.



  1. What are the two major types of financial assistance from Washington, D.C. to state and local governments?




  1. What prompted the devolution movement of the end of the twentieth century?



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