c. they felt that it would provide the foundation for an effective national government.
d. the confederal system in existence was ineffective.
e. All these answers are correct.
2. ________ initially proposed that Congress charter a national bank.
a. Thomas Jefferson
b. Alexander Hamilton
c. James Madison
d. John Marshall
e. Aaron Burr
3. What was the constitutional basis for the Supreme Court’s decision in McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)?
a. Under the doctrine of implied powers, Congress had the power to create a national bank because it was assigned the powers to tax, borrow money, and regulate interstate commerce under the Constitution.
b. National law was supreme over conflicting state law.
c. Under the doctrine of implied powers, Congress had the power to create a national bank because it was assigned the powers to tax, borrow money, and regulate interstate commerce under the Constitution, and national law was supreme over conflicting state law.
d. Sovereign states can tax the national government.
e. Congress lacked the authority to charter a national bank.
4. ________ created the doctrine of nullification based on the premise that each state had the constitutional right to nullify a national law.
a. a modification of fiscal and cooperative federalism, rather than their demise.
b. the demise of fiscal federalism.
c. the demise of cooperative federalism.
d. more power centralized at the national level.
e. None of these answers is correct.
13. ________ was a leading figure in the American Revolution and later opposed ratification of the Constitution on the grounds that the national government should be a union of states and not also of people.