The process by which national authority has increased over the course of U.S. history as a result primarily of economic change but also of political action.
A doctrine based on the idea that a precise separation of national power and state power is both possible and desirable.
The situation in which the national, state, and local levels work together to solve problems.
A term that refers to the expenditure of federal funds on programs run in part through states and localities.
Federal cash payments to states and localities for programs they administer.
Federal grants-in-aid that permit state and local officials to decide how the money will be spent within a general area, such as education or health.