Chapter 23 & 24 Homework Multiple Choice



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Chapter 23 & 24 Homework
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. (C24) Ottoman reforms

a.

decreased the influence of women in society.

b.

made women equal to men under the law.

c.

did not change women's position in society.

d.

provided women with greater job opportunities.

e.

provided new universities for female students.

____ 2. (C23) Despite emancipation of slaves in the United States, African Americans lived under harsh conditions, including



a.

“Jim Crow” laws that segregated public transportation, jobs, and schools.

b.

a mandatory seven-day workweek.

c.

deportation to Liberia.

d.

laws that prohibited African Americans from practicing Christianity.

e.

all of these.

____ 3. (C23) Which of the following was not a reason for the Civil War in the United States in 1861-1865?



a.

The dispute between abolitionists and pro-slave factions over whether new states from the Louisiana Purchase should be free or slave

b.

Slavery

c.

Secession by the Confederate States

d.

Trade tariffs with Britain that favored the northern industrialist economy

e.

The election of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency in 1860

____ 4. (C24) The process of modernization in Russia in the nineteenth century was accomplished more smoothly than in the Ottoman Empire because



a.

European monarchs accepted Russian tsars more readily than they accepted reforming rulers in Ottoman territories.

b.

it had longer been an issue, starting with Peter the Great.

c.

the Russian court emulated European fashion and languages.

d.

Alexander's reforms included bringing in Western advisers.

e.

All of these

____ 5. (C23) Jose de San Martin's most effective troops were



a.

former American convicts.

b.

former American cowboys.

c.

Spanish ex-patriots.

d.

former Portuguese soldiers.

e.

former slaves.

____ 6. (C23) The Mexican revolutionaries José María Morelos and Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla were



a.

military officers.

b.

lawyers.

c.

physicians.

d.

labor union organizers.

e.

priests.

____ 7. (C24) What was the major reason the Russian state resisted industrialization?



a.

Long-term disputes with Germany led to reluctance to use German advisers.

b.

A deep suspicion of western ideas, especially liberalism and socialism

c.

It was trying to initiate a communist revolution first.

d.

Local landowners feared losing their labor force if peasants left the fields to go to factories.

e.

Serfs could not learn how to run machines.

____ 8. (C24) When the Qing banned the importation of opium, the British



a.

stopped growing it.

b.

began growing cacao.

c.

sold their opium in the New World.

d.

made it illegal in England as well.

e.

sent naval and marine forces to China.

____ 9. (C23) The modification of the language, customs, values, and behaviors of a group as a result of contact with people from another culture is called



a.

calcification.

b.

revelation.

c.

acculturation.

d.

maturation.

e.

indoctrination.

____ 10. (C23) The Trail of Tears was the



a.

massacre of the Powhatan tribes along the Appalachian Trail.

b.

exile to Texas of settlers who left to establish the Republic.

c.

southern name for the route of General Sherman in his destructive siege and burning of Charleston.

d.

forced resettlement of Cherokee, Creek, and Choctaw peoples.

e.

route of the slave trade from the Carolinas to Mississippi and Alabama.

____ 11. (C23) France's support for slavery decreased after



a.

sale of the Louisiana Territory reduced its need for plantation labor.

b.

the Haitian Revolution.

c.

the French economy focused more on wine production and handicrafts than industrialized manufacture.

d.

Napoleon conscripted slaves to fight his wars against Britain, promising freedom in exchange for military service.

e.

the writing of the Declaration of the Rights of Man.

____ 12. (C23) The unity of the United States was threatened by rivalries over issues such as



a.

women's suffrage.

b.

narrow- or standard-gauge railroad tracks.

c.

slavery.

d.

the mandatory draft laws.

e.

the right to bear arms.

____ 13. (C24) The root cause of the Crimean War was



a.

Russia's desire to expand south for naval access to the Mediterranean Sea.

b.

Russia's desire to control Constantinople (Istanbul).

c.

Russia's desire to spread Orthodox Christianity throughout the Ottoman Empire.

d.

Russia's siding with Greece during the 1829 independence movement.

e.

Ottoman domination of Serbia.

____ 14. (C24) Although the Ottoman Empire emulated European modernization and stimulated commerce and urbanization, it was unable to solve which major problem?



a.

Extraterritoriality, or foreign sovereignty within Ottoman states

b.

Resistance from Christian sectors, which brought European sanctions

c.

The banking crisis of the 1850s

d.

Overextension of the empire

e.

The imperial government's chronic shortage of money

____ 15. (C23) The Shawnee leader who created a large organized alliance of Amerindians of the Ohio River Valley and Great Britain was



a.

LeDuc Tho.

b.

Pontiac.

c.

Wetamoo.

d.

Tecumseh.

e.

Crazy Horse.

____ 16. (C23) Independence in Brazil first occurred when



a.

the armies of the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata freed the slaves, breaking the economic stronghold of Portugal.

b.

Francisco Garibaldi was elected as the president of Brazil in 1831.

c.

Bolivar overthrew the reign of King John VI after his return to Portugal.

d.

juntas turned Brazil into a constitutional republic.

e.

Emperor Pedro I declared Brazil a constitutional monarchy.

____ 17. (C23) The Women's Rights Convention was held in



a.

Washington, D.C.

b.

Boston, Massachusetts.

c.

Toronto, Canada.

d.

Paterson, New Jersey.

e.

Seneca Falls, New York.

____ 18. (C23) To settle Texas in northeastern Mexico, the Mexican government



a.

invited Americans to come live there.

b.

gave the land free to all its citizens.

c.

abolished the tax on land for all residents.

d.

built a railroad to access the area.

e.

first moved out all Spanish people.

____ 19. (C24) Who became the leader of Egypt after the failure of the French, Mamluk, and Ottoman governments?



a.

Anwar Sadat

b.

Mohandas K. Gandhi

c.

Gamal Nasser

d.

Muhammad Ali

e.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

____ 20. (C23) In the nineteenth century, Mexico lost all but which of the following?



a.

California to the United States

b.

New Mexico to the United States

c.

Arizona to the United States

d.

Florida to the United States

e.

Texas to the United States

____ 21. (C24) The significance of the Crimean War was that it



a.

marked the transition to modern warfare with the use of breech-loading rifles.

b.

was the first war that utilized battalions of African soldiers in Europe.

c.

marked a brief return to chivalry.

d.

marked the end of the “age of innocence.”

e.

was the most destructive war in human history.

____ 22. (C23) After the profitability of sugar plantations declined, the British



a.

burned their crops to create an artificial shortage.

b.

focused on rum production.

c.

pushed for the end of slavery.

d.

planted opium instead.

e.

None of these

____ 23. (C24) The most persistent opponents of early Ottoman reforms were the



a.

hereditary elites.

b.

peasants and agriculturalists.

c.

Jesuits.

d.

Janissaries.

e.

religious leaders.

____ 24. (C24) The Russian government viewed industrialization



a.

with limited interest, preferring to import industrial goods.

b.

as a potential environmental disaster waiting to happen.

c.

as a sign of the decline of respect for religious authority.

d.

as a necessary evil.

e.

as the wave of the future.

____ 25. (C23) People who wanted slavery to be outlawed were called



a.

abolitionists.

b.

libertarians.

c.

luddites.

d.

populists.

e.

deconstructionists.

____ 26. (C23) The overthrow of the Venezuelan, Mexican, and Bolivian colonial governments was initially led by



a.

local church leaders.

b.

the merchant class.

c.

slaves.

d.

the uneducated peasantry.

e.

landowning creoles.

____ 27. (C23) Systematic resistance by Native Americans to U.S. government relocation is symbolized most by which event?



a.

Battle of Little Bighorn

b.

Harper's Ferry Raid

c.

Battle of Poltava

d.

Battle at the Alamo

e.

Pottawatomie Creek Massacre

____ 28. (C23) Emperor Pedro I of Brazil published an article in which he called slavery



a.

our “peculiar institution.”

b.

a “cancer eating away at Brazil.”

c.

the “soft underbelly of Latin America.”

d.

a “gift from God.”

e.

the economic basis of the Brazilian nation.

____ 29. (C23) Simón Bolívar created Gran Colombia, which unified



a.

Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador into one nation.

b.

Central and South America into one coalition.

c.

the Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking territories.

d.

Haiti, Antigua, and Brazil into one nation.

e.

the peoples of all Spanish-speaking America.

____ 30. (C24) When Britain was unable to obtain enough tea to meet its demand and China did not import enough British goods, the British responded by



a.

instigating the White Lotus rebellion.

b.

trying to destroy China's production of silk.

c.

starting the illicit trade of opium.

d.

bombing Saipei.

e.

supporting the Bannerman to overthrow the Qing.



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