Complete each statement. If you chose the first word in the set bubble in the letter A on your Scantron Sheet, bubble in the letter B if your choice is the second word in the set. 1. People began to build permanent homes using materials such as wood, stone, and even ____________________.(skins/bones) 2. Simple tools like ____________________ were used for about 2 million years. (choppers/processors) 3. Gathering of wild plants, seeds, fruits, and nuts was mostly done by ____________________.(women/men) 4. Land bridges allowed for ____________________ Age people to move around the world. (Stone/Middle Stone) 5. Using large animals greatly improved the ability of people to ____________________.(farm/gather) 6. Historians call the shift from food gathering to food producing the ____________________ Revolution. (Prehistoric/Neolithic) 7. To study prehistory, historians rely on the work of archaeologists and ____________________.(anthropologists/Australopithecus) 8. Animal skins were ____________________ to help keep people warm. (burned/sewn) 9. By 9000 BC, people lived on all continents except ____________________.(Africa/Antarctica) 10. Groups of ____________________ appeared about 3 million years ago. (humans/hominids) True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If the statement is True bubble in letter A on your Scantron. If the statement is False bubble in the letter B. ____ 11. The most important development of the early Stone Age was the ability to communicate through art.
____ 12. Hunters and gatherers were people who gathered and ate only fruit, seeds and nuts.
____ 13. Scientists divide the Stone Age into three periods based on the use of language.
____ 14. The first human-made shelters, called pit houses, were pits in the ground with roofs of branches and leaves.
____ 15. Early people learned about fire from rubbing two rocks together.
____ 16. Tools became more complex during the Middle Stone Age.
____ 17. Wild herds are an example of the domestication of animals.
____ 18. Historians call the time before writing the Stone Age.
____ 19. When food and water became hard to find, many early societies split apart.
____ 20. One way prehistoric people adapted to their environment was to create tools to process food.
____ 21. The form of communication called writing was invented over 10,000 years ago.
____ 22. The ice ages led to people migrating to all parts of the world.
____ 23. The Neolithic Revolution first occurred in the societies of southwestern Asia.
____ 24. Scientists are not exactly sure when or where the first modern humans lived.
____ 25. Delayed migration into northern Asia was due to low ocean levels.
____ 26. Another name for the Paleolithic Era is the New Stone Age.
____ 27. Humans learned how to make fire during the Neolithic Age.
____ 28. Early people believed in gods such as the thunder god.
____ 29. In prehistoric religion, people gathered for ceremonies around monoliths.
____ 30. During the Mesolithic Era, people settled in new lands.
Short Answer PRACTICING SOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS
Study the map below and answer the question that follows.
31. Which continent did humans reach approximately 40,000 years ago?
32. People made cloth and clothing from all of the following except
33. Which of the following happened first?
34. What effect did the invention of tools have on early humans?
Early people probably believed in gods and goddesses associated with the elements—air, water, fire, and earth—or with animals.
Which is the best inference based on this statement?
36. Why is the study of ancient bones important to us today?
37. Which of the following best defines a land bridge?
38. Which of the following defines Homo erectus?
39. Which of the following contributed most to early people’s ability to produce food?
40. Which of the following defines a hominid?
41. Which of the following does not describe why the early people painted in caves?
42. Which of the following was not part of the domestication of animals in the New Stone Age?
43. Which of the following best defines society?
44. What effect did the ice ages have on early humans?
45. Which of the following best describes the advancements of the New Stone Age?
46. People in the New Stone Age had a different relationship to plants and animals due primarily to
47. Which of the following statements best summarizes the relationship between farming and the growth of towns?
48. Which of the following statements best describes what life was like in the Mesolithic Era?
49. The Middle Stone Age is also called the
50. In Central Asia, where wood was scarce, what did people use to make homes?
51. Hunter-gatherer societies in the Old Stone Age had all of the following except
52. Scientists believe language developed in the Stone Age for all the following reasons except
53. The region of the world that was likely occupied last by early humans was
54. Early humans eventually formed hunter-gatherer societies. What conclusion can you draw from this fact?
55. Tools in the Middle Stone Age were smaller and more complex than tools in the Early Stone Age. Which of the following statements supports this fact?
56. The work of archaeologists and anthropologists who study ancient bones is important because it
57. According to scientists, how did early people migrate out of Africa and into new places?
58. Which statement best defines the Neolithic Revolution?
59. Which of the following statements best summarizes why people learned how to make clothes and build shelters after migrating out of Africa?
60. What was important about Donald Johanson’s discovery of Lucy in 1974?
61. What effect did farming have on people in the Stone Age?
62. What is the scientific name for modern humans?
63. Which of the following describes the earliest skill that people developed?
64. Which of the following best defines a megalith?
65. The Iceman, discovered in the Alps of Italy in 1991, is also known as