Chapter 2 and 3 Take-Home Exam



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Chapter 2 and 3 Take-Home Exam
Answer the following questions and email the responses to

Ms. Cantos mcantos@ridgenet.org or Mr. Wlodarczyk at dwlodarczyk@ridgenet.org

Do the work by yourself. The goal is to learn this material yourself to help you in the class.


1)



Chief Wingina saw the early Roanoke colonists as

A)



Carriers of diseases killing his people.

B)



Potential allies to increase his power.

C)



Useful trading partners.

D)



Certain military enemies.

E)



Protectors of the Grand Banks from the Iroquois.


2)



Which one of the following was NOT part of Walter Raleigh's vision of his English colony at Roanoke?

A)



Establishing a thriving fur trade.

B)



Exploring for precious metals.

C)



A tobacco producing center.

D)



Making the Indians serfs of the English masters.

E)



An English community.


3)



In contrast to the Chesapeake, New England communities

A)



Had better relationships with the Indians.

B)



Imported indentured servants who later became freemen.

C)



Were Anglican in religion.

D)

E)

Were mainly family groups.

Developed self-government.







4)



The most important legacy of the Roanoke expedition was

A)



The discovery of the tobacco plant.

B)



The intermarriage of the English settlers and certain Indian tribes.

C)



Written accounts of the area and Indian peoples there.

D)



The mutually beneficial contacts with the area natives.

E)



The permanent military beachhead left there.


5)



Which of the following was the LEAST important reason for the population decline that occurred in native populations in the wake of the Spanish conquest?

A)



Declining birth rates.

B)



Starvation.

C)



Disease.

D)



Immigration.

E)



Warfare.


6)



Which one of the following was NOT a reason that Spanish monarchs Isabella and Ferdinand were more than willing than other monarchs to buy Columbus' plan?

A)



They had driven out the Moslems and were looking for new conquests.

B)



They were interested in opening trade routes to Asia.

C)



They had a vision of establishing colonial communities.

D)



They witnessed the success of the Portuguese ventures.

E)



They concluded that potential profits justified the risk in underwriting Columbus' voyages.


7)



An important factor in Columbus' decision to exploit the Taino Indians was

A)



His belief that they could lead him to sources of gold

B)



His sincere desire to convert the Tainos to Christianity.

C)



The Taino Indians' initial hostile behavior toward the Spaniards.

D)



Their control of the production of spices much in demand in Spain.

E)



The partial nudity exhibited by the tribe.


8)



The cultivation of tobacco by the English colonists

A)



Made Indian slave labor profitable.

B)



Encouraged trade between the settlers and the Indians.

C)



Was ultimately banned by the King of England.

D)

E)

Prompted the English to seek a community of inclusion.

Created pressure for more expansion into Indian territory.


9)



A principal cause of the Spanish success in conquering the Aztecs in the early sixteenth century was

A)



The superiority of Spanish arms.

B)



The military genius of Hernando Cortes.

C)



The availability of horses to the Spanish.

D)



The Spaniards' ability to take advantage of native peoples' hostility to Aztec rule.

E)



The absence of an Aztec military "bureaucracy" which could launch a counterattack.


10)



One hundred years after Columbus' first voyage to the "New World," the largest empire in the Americas was

A)



Scandinavian.

B)



French and English.

C)



German and Dutch.

D)



Portuguese and Irish.

E)



Spanish and Africans.


11)



By establishing a "frontier of inclusion," the Spanish developed communities

A)



Of large mixed-ancestry groups.

B)



Of strict racial separation.

C)



Of equals with native peoples.

D)



With other European peoples.

E)



That were more rural than urban.


12)



St. Augustine and Fort Caroline represent a collision of these two forces in Florida:

A)



English and Spanish.

B)



French and Spanish.

C)



French and Timucuan.

D)



Russian and Swedish.

E)



Spanish and Timucuan.


13)



One of the major reasons for social change and the disruption of the English economy in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries was the

A)



Impact of the Reformation.

B)



Enclosing of common pastureland.

C)



Inflationary monetary cycle.

D)



Appearance of a Catholic king on the English throne.

E)



Deflationary monetary cycle.


14)



England's first ventures into the New World were motivated by

A)



Animosity toward the Indians.

B)



Fear of the French.

C)



A desire for colonization.

D)



Animosity toward Spain.

E)



Missionary zeal.


15)



The Spanish monopoly of the New World was broken with

A)



The English defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588.

B)



The signing of the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494.

C)



The English defeat in the battle of Agincourt.

D)



The French successfully seizing Louisiana in 1564.

E)



The French defeat of the Spanish at St. Augustine in 1607.


16)



John White was to Roanoke as Columbus was to:

A)



Cuba.

B)


Hispaniola.

C)


Madeiras.

D)


Tainos.

E)


Puerto Rico.


17)



Cartier was to the French and _________ as Cabot was to the English and ________.

A)



St. Lawrence/Newfoundland.

B)



Louisiana/Hudson's Bay.

C)



Cape Fear/Florida.

D)



Ft. Caroline/Maine.

E)



St. Augustine/Virginia.


18)



French interest in the Indians was based primarily in

A)



Their desire for Indian land.

B)



Commercial concerns.

C)



Their belief that the Indians should be converted to Christianity.

D)



Their need for heavy labor from the Indians.

E)



Their need to populate New France.


19)



A critical problem confronting the first settlers of Jamestown was

A)



The onset of a brutally cold winter.

B)



Their refusal to engage in physical labor even if it meant starving.

C)



A devastating drop in the price paid for their tobacco.

D)



Whether to import African slaves to work the fields.

E)



The hostility of local Indian tribes.


20)



Which one of the following is NOT true of indentured servants in the Chesapeake of the 1600s?

A)



Most were young unskilled males, sometimes convicts.

B)



Some of their descendants would ultimately play a leading role in colonial life.

C)



Two out of every five died.

D)



They were evenly divided between men, women and children.

E)



They could receive "freedom dues" at the end of their service.


21)



Which one of the following is LEAST true of community life in the Chesapeake of the 1600s?

A)



There were problems with insects and the lack of potable water.

B)



The society of women gave them some advantages in bargaining.

C)



They were developing a distinctive American culture.

D)



Few schools and churches existed.

E)



Houses and settlements were generally crude.


22)



The Renaissance was based in the belief that

A)



Human potential is important and should be celebrated

B)



The authority of the Roman Catholic Church should be obeyed in all instances.

C)



Concern for the afterlife must always be the primary focus of human beings.

D)



Learning was the domain of the upper class.

E)



Ancient classical beliefs and forms must be rejected.


23)



The primary reason for the establishment of the colony at Plymouth was the settlers' desire to

A)



Establish their own church independent of the Anglican Church.

B)



Convert local Indian populations to Christianity.

C)



To reform the practices of the Church of England.

D)



Compete with Virginia in the production of tobacco.

E)



Profit from the great commercial potential evident in New England.


24)



By 1634, Massachusetts Bay freemen would

A)



Select town representatives to draft laws of their colony.

B)



Establish churches of their choice in the company towns.

C)



Write a new compact for their colonial government.

D)



Expand their holdings into New York and Pennsylvania.

E)



Complete their service as indentured servants early.


25)



The English settlers in southern New England were mainly interested in

A)



Fishing and fur trading.

B)



Trade.

C)



Missions to the Indians.

D)



Land expansion.

E)



Gold and silver.


26)



By the 1650's the New England economy had

A)



Diversified into farming, fishing, lumbering, shipbuilding and other enterprises.

B)



Increasingly depended on fur and tobacco.

C)



Become more dependent on the Atlantic slave trade.

D)



Broken apart from the English mercantile tradition.

E)



Collapsed as many returned to Cromwell's English Commonwealth.


27)



Which one of the following is NOT correctly matched to their dangerous, dissenting teaching?

A)



Hooker/more attention should be given to good works.

B)



Hooker/suffrage should not be restricted to male church members.

C)



Williams/Indian land must be bargained for in good faith.

D)



Williams/religious tolerance and separation of church and state

E)



Hutchinson/denounced impious male church leaders.


28)



The most ethnically and religiously diverse English colony by the late seventeenth century was

A)



South Carolina.

B)



New York.

C)



Pennsylvania.

D)



Rhode Island.

E)



Maryland.


29)



Which one of the following was NOT part of William Penn's "Holy Experiment?"

A)



Dealing fairly with the Indians.

B)



Elected representation.

C)



Religious freedom.

D)



Access to purchase land.

E)



Equality of sexes.


30)



Penn approved of this former Scandinavian-Dutch community becoming the separate colony of

A)



Delaware.

B)



New Jersey.

C)



South Carolina.

D)



Maine.

E)



Rhode Island.


31)



By the eighteenth century, this city was North America's most important colonial port:

A)



Baltimore.

B)



Boston.

C)



New York City.

D)



Philadelphia.

E)



Charleston.


32)



Metacomet, leader of the Wampanoags, led a fierce but futile war against New Englanders known as

A)



The Pequot War.

B)



Queen Anne's War.

C)



Great Swamp War.

D)



Tammany War.

E)



King Philip's War.


33)



The Covenant Chain demonstrated the continued efforts of this group to dominate:

A)



Pequots.

B)



Iroquois Confederacy.

C)



Boston Puritans.

D)



Virginia Anglicans.

E)



Dutch.


34)



Both Bacon's Rebellion and Culpeper's Rebellion showed conflict between these two communities:

A)



"Praying town" Indians and Covenant Chain Indians in New England.

B)



New York and New Jersey over the Hudson River boundary.

C)



Puritans and dissenters in Rhode Island and Massachusetts.

D)



Tidewater and frontier regions of Virginia and North Carolina.

E)



Slave traders and those who objected to slavery.


35)



The mustees represent a racial-ethnic group made up of enslaved African men and Indian women in

A)



Virginia.

B)



North Carolina.

C)



South Carolina.

D)



Florida.

E)



Maryland.


36)



The Glorious Revolution in England had significant implications for the colonies because

A)



Queen Mary II took over the English monarchy.

B)



King William established the Dominion of New England.

C)



Less monarchical council was extended over them.

D)



England now had a constitutional monarchy.

E)



A major loss of self-government resulted.


37)



King William's War was primarily between the English and the

A)



Indians.

B)


Dutch.

C)


French.

D)


Spanish.

E)


Iroquois..


38)



One outcome of King William's War was

A)



Greater religious freedom on the frontier.

B)



A tightening of royal rule over the colonies.

C)



The removal of French settlers from southern Virginia.

D)



All colonies lost their charters.

E)



English conquest of most of French settlements on the St. Lawrence.


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