3. The circumstances that permitted the Democrats to win the presidency in 1884 and 1892
4. The origins, purposes, and effectiveness of the Interstate Commerce Act and the Sherman Antitrust Act
5. The position of the two major parties on the tariff question, and the actual trend of tariff legislation in the 1880s and 1890s
6. The rise of agrarian discontent as manifested in the Granger movement, the Farmers’ Alliances, and the People’s Party
7. The rise of the silver question from the “Crime of ’73” through the Gold Standard Act of 1900
8. The significance of the presidential election of 1896
9. The reasons for the decline of agrarian discontent after 1896
Essay Questions to Consider
1. Compare and contrast the major farm groups: the Grange, the Farmers’ Alliances, and the People’s Party. Why were farmers never a united force? Why did farm groups fail to build effective alliances with labor unions? Did the People’s Party ultimately offer a realistic reform agenda? Why or why not?
2. Why was the United States locked in a political stalemate for nearly two decades after the end of Reconstruction? What were the consequences of this stalemate for political leadership and public policy?
3. Discuss the reasons for the emergence of an agrarian revolt in the late nineteenth century. Analyze the successes and failures of the Grange, Farmers’ Alliances, and Populist movement. Why did the Populists decide to fuse with the Democrats in 1896? Was this a mistake? What might have happened if they had not taken this action?
4. What changes had occurred in the national economy since 1865 that made the Depression of 1893–1897 so severe? Could the federal government have done anything to lessen the crisis? Did the government do anything that it should not have done?
Chapter 19B Imperial Republic
Imperialism Colonialism James G. Blaine
New Manifest Destiny Alfred Thayer Mahan Venezuelan Dispute
Pan-American Union Hawaii and Samoa Sovereignty Movement