• Class became a defining feature around which political movements were formed.
• The Industrial Revolution spawned the emergence of new classes and new relations between classes, in part because it created huge disparities in wealth.
• Ideas of class could lead both to revolutionary movements and to movements that sought to work within the existing political system.
• Ideas of class had significant implications for participants in feminist movements.
4. Considering responses to socialism: With which of the variant forms of socialism might Marx himself been most and least sympathetic? Which of them do you think would have had most appeal in the United States? How might a manager or owner of a modern industrial enterprise respond to these ideas?