Chapter 18 • Revolutions of Industrialization

Visual Source 18.6: John Leech, Capital and Labour

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Visual Source 18.6: John Leech, Capital and Labour

Q. How precisely would you define that theme?

Possible answers:

The leisure, wealth, and luxury of the rich is made possible by the labor, suffering, and deprivation of workers.

Q. How are the sharp class differences of industrial Britain represented in this visual source?

Possible answers:

• Class differences are presented in the juxtaposition of well-dressed, upper-class figures, being waited on by servants, surrounded by luxurious furnishings and pets, placed at the top of the panel and depicted in color; with the working poor, including children, those stooped with age and injury, and workers engaged in hard mining labor, in the background. The working poor are placed at the bottom of the panel and depicted in shades of brown, while the overseer to the left is in color.

Q. How does this visual source connect the Industrial Revolution with Britain’s colonial empire? Notice the figure in the upper right reclining in exotic splendor, perhaps in India.

• The figure to the far upper right of the panel seems to be a native colonial elite figure, represented by his servant, his dress, the exotic furnishings, and the pet parrot.

Q. To what extent does the image correspond with Karl Marx and Frederick Engels’s description of industrial society in Document 18.1 (pp. 856–59)?

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