Chapter 18 • Revolutions of Industrialization

Document 18.2: Socialism without Revolution

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Document 18.2: Socialism without Revolution

Q. In what ways and for what reasons was Bernstein critical of Marx and Engels’s analysis of capitalism?

• Bernstein criticizes Marx and Engels because the number of large capitalists in society was growing and the middle classes persisted.

• The concentration of production in industries was not being accomplished in all its departments with equal thoroughness and at an equal rate.

• Capitalist privileges were giving way to democratic organizations, allowing the working classes to make important gains that limited the exploitative tendencies of capital.

• With the growth of democratic systems the need and potential opportunities of revolution diminish.

Q. Why do you think he refers so often to Engels?

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