Chapter 16 – the cold war 1945-1960 Chapter 16. 1 – the cold war begins



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Chapter 16

THE COLD WAR 1945-1960 -


Chapter 16.1 – THE COLD WAR BEGINS

CLASS NOTES


AMERICAN GOALS

SOVIET GOALS

Stop spread of Communism – Containment

Spread Communism beyond Eastern Europe

United Germany

Weak, divided Germany

Independent nations in Eastern Europe

Eastern Europe under Soviet control

Support free peoples who are resisting subjugation

World domination

As you read, trace events and developments in Europe that contributed to the growth of Cold War tensions.



Yalta and Potsdam: Allies have conflicting goals for Eastern Europe

▼ ▼ ▼ ▼

Stalin increases his control over Eastern European nations, making some of them Soviet satellites

▼ ▼ ▼ ▼

Truman Doctrine – aid sent to Greece and Turkey

▼ ▼ ▼ ▼

Marshall Plan

▼ ▼ ▼ ▼

Closure of roads into West Berlin – Berlin airlift

▼ ▼ ▼ ▼

NATO

▼ ▼ ▼ ▼

Warsaw Pact


Chapter 16.2 – THE KOREAN WAR
As you read, note problems and the steps that President Truman took to solve them. Use a problem-solution table like the one below.

PROBLEM

SOLUTION

Communists threaten takeover of China

United States sends aid to Chinese Nationalists fighting the Communists.

Communist North Korea invades South Korea.

United States and the UN send aid and troops to Korea.

South Korean troops and allies retreat to Pusan.

Allies attack at lnchon and push North Koreans back.

MacArthur moves troops into North Korea (against Truman’s wishes).

Truman fires MacArthur.


Chapter 16.3 – The COLD WAR EXPANDS

Identify the tactics used to wage the Cold War.




Arms

Race


Brinkmanship




COLD WAR TACTICS


Eisenhower Doctrine

Massive

Retaliation




Hydrogen

Bomb

Mutually Assured Destruction


Chapter 16.4 – THE COLD WAR AT HOME

List efforts taken to protect Americans from communism and how these policies affected rights.



ANTI-COMMUNIST POLICY

EFFECT ON RIGHTS

Federal Employee Loyalty Program

About 3,000 federal employees lose jobs.

Smith Act

Unlawful to teach or advocate the violent overthrow of the United States Government.

House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)

Investigates possible communists; blacklisting of entertainment figures suspected of having communist ties.

McCarthyism

Accusations caused people to lose their jobs and destroyed their reputations.







Alger HISS
Accused of stealing

government

documents.
Tried for perjury
Found guilty and

sentenced to five

years in prison.



Spy trials that



illustrated the threat

to the nation posed

by communist

agents


Rosenbergs
Accused of passing

on atomic secrets.
Found guilty and

sentenced to death




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