Reading Check its homogenous population Vocabulary Strategy Emphasizing means "stressing."
Reading Skill Causes: Perry's visit caused daimyo and samurai to revolt, emperor restored; Effects: new constitution, legislature, modernized, industrial society
Review Questions 1.They felt humiliated by the unequal treaties and revolted against the shogun. They unseated the shogun and restored the emperor Mutsuhito to power. 2. They tried to modernize Japan with a new political and social system and an industrial economy. All citizens gained equality before the law and a legislature was formed. An industrial economy boomed with government support of powerful banking and industrial families, known as zaibatsu.
CHAPTER 13 SECTION 2
Note Taking Study Guide (On-Level, p. 142; Adapted, p. 142)
Dutch dominate the Dutch East Indies (now Indochina).
The British annex Burma.
The French seize Indochina.
Siam accepts unequal treaties to remain independent.
United States gains control of Philippines from Spain after Spanish-American War.
United States secures unequal treaty from Samoa.
United States annexes Hawaii.
United States, Britain, France, and Germany claim nearly every island in the Pacific.
Europeans introduce modern technology.
Europeans expand commerce and industry.
Missionaries spread Christianity and European languages to colonized people.
Missionaries establish schools and hospitals.
Filipino nationalists and other colonized people renew struggle for independence.
Colonized people grow cash crops instead of food to meet export goals.
Imports of machine-made goods destroy indigenous cottage industries.
Summary (p. 143)
Reading Check Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia Vocabulary Strategy Transition means "passage from one way to another."
Reading Skill Causes include interest of industrialized powers in Pacific islands and pressure for power from American sugar growers in the Hawaiian Islands. Effects include the overthrow of the queen and annexation of Hawaii by the United States.
Review Questions 1. They fought fiercely against colonization, but lost against superior military power. 2. Instead of gaining independence from Spain, the Philippines came under control of the United States in the treaty that ended the war.
Chapter 13 Section 3
Effect: Colonists take more and more of the land, leading to wars with the Maori.
Cause: White New Zealanders seek self-rule.
Event: New Zealand wins independence in 1907.
Effect: New Zealand sets up its own parliament, prime minister, and elected legislature.
Summary (p. 145)
Reading Check They suffered; they were thrust aside or killed.
Vocabulary Strategy Compile means "to put together from several sources."
Reading Skill Captain James Cook claimed New Zealand for Britain. The Maori fought the colonists because they were the indigenous people of New Zealand and wanted to defend their land. The effects were that many Maori died and the struggle crumbled.
Review Questions 1. because a confederation would strengthen Canada against U.S. ambitions and help the development of Canada's economy; 2. It agreed because it wanted to keep other European powers from interfering and wanted to boost development of the country.
CHAPTER 13 SECTION 4
Note Taking Study Guide (On-Level, p. 146; Adapted, p. 146)
Vocabulary Strategy Enlightened means "educated, informed."
Reading Skill The United States issued the Monroe Doctrine to discourage any new European colonization of the Americas. Its effects on Latin America include U.S. claim to right of "international police power," continued investment by American countries, presence of U.S. troops in Latin America, Latin American resentment and rebellion.
Review Questions 1. Factors that undermined democracy included deep-rooted inequalities, no tradition of unity, formation of private armies by caudillos, and resistance to central government. 2. Nothing really changed. Britain and the United States simply replaced Spain as Latin America's chief trading partners.
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