Chapter 13 Guiding Questions Japan: The Imperial Age

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Chapter 13 Guiding Questions

Japan: The Imperial Age

  1. How did the Taika reforms aim to revamp the Japanese imperial administration along Chinese lines? (p.280)

  2. What problem did Buddhist monks present to the throne? (p.280-281)

  3. What steps were taken by Emperor Kammu to eliminate or suppress Buddhist influence? (p.281)

  4. How did the emperor restore the power base of the aristocrats? (p. 281)

  5. After reading the section “Ultracivilized: Court Life in the Heian Era”, on p.281-283, explain IN A PARAGRAPH, how this form of life would be considered “ultracivilized”.

  6. How did provincial families come to control land and labor in their provinces? (p.284)

  7. Who were the bushi and samurai and how did they strengthen or solidify their power? (p.284)

  8. What did the warrior code of the samurai stress? (p.284)

  9. How did the growth of the samurai discourage a free peasantry, and how did the peasants cope with this? (p.285)

The Era of Warrior Dominance

  1. Give examples of how Chinese influence began to decline in Japan. (p.285)

  2. What was the result of the Gempei Wars? (p.285)

  3. In the few next centuries that followed, Japan was embroiled in civil war between powerful bushi families, shoguns, and samurai warlords. What was the eventual outcome of these wars? (p.287)

  4. How did daimyos promote cultural and economic growth? (p.288)

  5. Contrast the level of freedom of women in merchant and artisan families to that of women in bushi households. (p.289)

Korea: Between China and Japan

  1. What were some examples of signification that we see in the Korean peninsula? (p.290-291)

  2. How were the Chinese finally able to bring down the long-lasting Korean dynasties? What deal is struck up between Silla rulers and Tang Chinese rulers? (p.291)

  3. How did the tribute system become the major channel of trade and intercultural exchange between China and its neighbors? (p.291-292)

  4. Describe Korean society as it is explained on p.293 under the heading “Civilization for the Few”.

Between China and Southeast Asia: The Making of Vietnam

  1. In what ways was the Viets’ culture different from that of China?(p.294)

  2. What are some examples of how the Vietnamese adopted the process of sinification? (p.294 and 296)

  3. Why were women in the Viet region so bitterly opposed to Chinese rule? (p.295)

  4. Why was it so difficult for the Chinese to maintain control over this region? When was independence finally won? (p.295-296)

Terms: seppuku, bakufu, shoguns, daimyos, Silla,

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