Chapter 126. Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Technology Applications Subchapter A. Elementary


§126.25. Digital Graphics/Animation (One Credit)



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§126.25. Digital Graphics/Animation (One Credit).

(a) General requirements. The prerequisite is proficiency in the knowledge and skills described in §126.12(c) of this title (relating to Technology Applications (Computer Literacy), Grades 6-8). This course is recommended for students in Grades 9-12.

(b) Introduction.

(1) The technology applications curriculum has four strands: foundations, information acquisition, work in solving problems, and communication.

(2) Through the study of technology applications foundations, including technology-related terms, concepts, and data input strategies, students learn to make informed decisions about technologies and their applications. The efficient acquisition of information includes the identification of task requirements; the plan for using search strategies; and the use of technology to access, analyze, and evaluate the acquired information. By using technology as a tool that supports the work of individuals and groups in solving problems, students will select the technology appropriate for the task, synthesize knowledge, create a solution, and evaluate the results. Students communicate information in different formats and to diverse audiences. A variety of technologies will be used. Students will analyze and evaluate the results.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) Foundations. The student demonstrates knowledge and appropriate use of hardware components, software programs, and their connections. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate knowledge and appropriate use of operating systems, software applications, and communication and networking components;

(B) compare, contrast, and appropriately use the various input, processing, output, and primary/secondary storage devices;

(C) make decisions regarding the selection, acquisition, and use of software taking under consideration its quality, appropriateness, effectiveness, and efficiency;

(D) delineate and make necessary adjustments regarding compatibility issues including, but not limited to, digital file formats and cross platform connectivity;

(E) use the vocabulary as it relates to digital graphics and animation software;

(F) distinguish between and correctly use process color (RGB and CYMK), spot color, and black/white;

(G) identify color mixing theories and apply these theories to the creation of new colors in the digital format;

(H) compare, contrast, and integrate the basic sound editing principles including the addition of effects and manipulation of wave forms;

(I) distinguish between and use the components of animation software programs including cast, score, stage, and the animation control panel;

(J) select and connect task-appropriate peripherals such as a printer, CD-ROM, digital camera, scanner, or graphics tablet; and

(K) distinguish and use the different animation techniques of path and cell animation.

(2) Foundations. The student uses data input skills appropriate to the task. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate proficiency in the use and graphical integration of a variety of input devices such as keyboard, scanner, mouse, graphic tablet with pen, or digital camera; and

(B) compare and contrast digital input devices.

(3) Foundations. The student complies with the laws and examines the issues regarding the use of technology in society. The student is expected to:

(A) discuss copyright laws/issues and model ethical acquisition and use of digital information, citing sources using established methods;

(B) model respect of intellectual property when manipulating, morphing, and editing graphics, video, text, and sound;

(C) demonstrate proper etiquette and knowledge of acceptable use policies when using networks, especially resources on the Internet and intranet; and

(D) research the impact of digital graphics in society and as an art form.

(4) Information acquisition. The student uses a variety of strategies to acquire information from electronic resources, with appropriate supervision. The student is expected to:

(A) use strategies to access research information from different resources, including local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), the Internet, and intranet; and

(B) obtain print and digital information from a variety of resources including, but not limited to, encyclopedias, databases, and libraries of images.

(5) Information acquisition. The student acquires electronic information in a variety of formats, with appropriate supervision. The student is expected to:

(A) use the Internet and retrieve information in electronic formats including text, audio, video, and graphics, citing the source;

(B) demonstrate the appropriate use of digital imaging, video integration, and sound in documents; and

(C) import sounds from a variety of sources including, but not limited to, audio CD, tape, and microphone.

(6) Information acquisition. The student evaluates the acquired electronic information. The student is expected to:

(A) compare and contrast the rules of composition such as rule of thirds or the golden section/rectangle with respect to harmony and balance as well as discord and drama;

(B) evaluate the fundamental concepts of a graphic design including composition and lighting;

(C) analyze the designs to decide the point of interest and the attributes that determine prominence and support of the subject; and

(D) distinguish among the categories of typefaces while recognizing and resolving conflicts that occur through combined usage.

(7) Solving problems. The student uses appropriate computer-based productivity tools to create and modify solutions to problems. The student is expected to:

(A) combine graphics, images, and sound for foundation or enrichment curricular projects;

(B) integrate the productivity tools including, but not limited to, word processor, database, spreadsheet, telecommunications, draw, paint, and utility programs into the digital graphics;

(C) use perspective including backgrounds, light, shades/shadows, and scale to capture a focal point and create depth;

(D) use the basic principles of proportion, balance, variety, emphasis, harmony, symmetry, and unity in type, color, size, line thickness, shape, and space;

(E) use repetition of color, shape, texture, spatial relationships, line thickness, and size to develop organization and strengthen the unity of a product;

(F) create three-dimensional effects using foreground, middle distance, and background images;

(G) apply a variety of color schemes to digital designs including monochromatic, analogous, complementary, primary/secondary triads, cool/warm colors, and split complements;

(H) use the basic concepts of color and design theory to work in a bitmapped mode, creating backgrounds, characters, and other case members as needed for the animation;

(I) use the appropriate scripting language to create an animation or movie;

(J) read, use, and develop technical documentation;

(K) edit files using appropriate digital editing tools and established design principles including consistency, repetition, alignment, proximity, ratio of text to white space, image file size, color use, font size, type, and style; and

(L) use a variety of techniques to edit, manipulate, and change sound.

(8) Solving problems. The student uses research skills and electronic communication, with appropriate supervision, to create new knowledge. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate the use of technology to participate in self-directed, meaningful activities in the larger community and society;

(B) demonstrate proficiency in, appropriate use of, and navigation of LANs, WANs, the Internet, and intranet for research and for sharing of resources; and

(C) participate with electronic communities as a learner, initiator, contributor, and teacher/mentor.

(9) Solving problems. The student uses technology applications to facilitate evaluation of work, both process and product. The student is expected to:

(A) create technology specifications for tasks and rubrics for the evaluation of products and product quality against established criteria;

(B) design and implement procedures to track trends, set timelines, and review/evaluate progress for continual improvement in process and product;

(C) evaluate data by using criteria appropriate for the purpose;

(D) resolve information conflicts and validate information through accessing, researching, and comparing data; and

(E) seek and respond to advice from peers in delineating technological tasks.

(10) Communication. The student formats digital information for appropriate and effective communication. The student is expected to:

(A) identify pictorial qualities in a design such as shape and form, space and depth, or pattern and texture to create visual unity and desired effects in designs;

(B) use a variety of lighting techniques including shadows and shading to create an effect;

(C) define the design attributes and requirements of products created for a variety of purposes including posters, billboards, business cards, stationery, book jackets, folders, booklets, pamphlets, brochures, and magazines; and

(D) use proximity and alignment to create a visual connection with other elements.

(11) Communication. The student delivers the product electronically in a variety of media, with appropriate supervision. The student is expected to:

(A) publish information in a variety of ways including, but not limited to, printed copy or monitor display; and

(B) publish information in saved files, Internet documents, CD-ROM discs, or video.

(12) Communication. The student uses technology applications to facilitate evaluation of communication, both process and product. The student is expected to:

(A) determine and employ technology specifications to evaluate projects for design, content delivery, purpose, and audience; and

(B) seek and respond to advice from peers in evaluating the product.

 

Source: The provisions of this §126.25 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 5203.

§126.26. Multimedia (One Credit).

(a) General requirements. The prerequisite for this course is proficiency in the knowledge and skills described in §126.12(c) of this title (relating to Technology Applications (Computer Literacy), Grades 6-8). This course is recommended for students in Grades 9-12.

(b) Introduction.

(1) The technology applications curriculum has four strands: foundations, information acquisition, work in solving problems, and communication.

(2) Through the study of technology applications foundations, including technology-related terms, concepts, and data input strategies, students learn to make informed decisions about technologies and their applications. The efficient acquisition of information includes the identification of task requirements; the plan for using search strategies; and the use of technology to access, analyze, and evaluate the acquired information. By using technology as a tool that supports the work of individuals and groups in solving problems, students will select the technology appropriate for the task, synthesize knowledge, create a solution, and evaluate the results. Students communicate information in different formats and to diverse audiences. A variety of technologies will be used. Students will analyze and evaluate the results.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) Foundations. The student demonstrates knowledge and appropriate use of hardware components, software programs, and their connections. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate knowledge and appropriate use of operating systems, software applications, and communication and networking components;

(B) analyze demands for accomplishing multimedia tasks to appropriately use input, processing, output, and primary/secondary storage devices;

(C) make decisions regarding the selection, acquisition, and use of software in a multimedia classroom/lab taking under consideration its quality, appropriateness, effectiveness, and efficiency;

(D) delineate and make necessary adjustments regarding compatibility issues including, but not limited to, digital file formats and cross platform connectivity;

(E) use necessary vocabulary related to multimedia;

(F) install and configure appropriate software;

(G) distinguish between and correctly use process color (RGB and CYMK), spot color, and black/white;

(H) identify color mixing theories and apply these theories to the creation of new colors in the digital format;

(I) identify and distinguish among the basic sound editing principles including the addition of effects and manipulation of the wave form;

(J) identify and use compression schemes for photo, animation, video, and graphics; and

(K) distinguish between and determine the appropriate application of bitmapped and vector graphics into a multimedia project.

(2) Foundations. The student uses data input skills appropriate to the task. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate proficiency in the use of a variety of electronic input devices including the mouse, keyboard, scanner, voice/sound recorder, disk/disc, video, and digital camera by creating files to be used in multimedia products;

(B) use digital keyboarding standards for data input such as one space after punctuation, the use of em/en dashes, and smart quotation marks;

(C) use strategies when digitally capturing files that conserve memory and retain the image integrity; and

(D) differentiate among audio input.

(3) Foundations. The student complies with the laws and examines the issues regarding the use of technology in society. The student is expected to:

(A) discuss copyright laws/issues and model ethical acquisition and use of digital information, citing sources using established methods;

(B) demonstrate proper etiquette and knowledge of acceptable use policies when using networks, especially resources on the Internet and intranet;

(C) model respect of intellectual property when manipulating, morphing, or editing graphics, video, text, and sound; and

(D) provide examples of the role of multimedia in society.

(4) Information acquisition. The student uses a variety of strategies to acquire information from electronic resources, with appropriate supervision. The student is expected to:

(A) use strategies to access research information from different resources, including local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), the Internet, and intranet; and

(B) apply appropriate electronic search strategies in the acquisition of information including keyword and Boolean search strategies.

(5) Information acquisition. The student acquires electronic information in a variety of formats, with appropriate supervision. The student is expected to:

(A) acquire information in electronic formats including text, audio, video, and graphics, citing the source; and

(B) identify, create, and use available file formats including text, image, video (analog and digital), and audio files.

(6) Information acquisition. The student evaluates the acquired electronic information. The student is expected to:

(A) identify and employ a method to evaluate the design, functionality, and accuracy of the accessed information; and

(B) use fundamental concepts of graphic design including visual composition and lighting when analyzing multimedia.

(7) Solving problems. The student uses appropriate computer-based productivity tools to create and modify solutions to problems. The student is expected to:

(A) use foundation and enrichment curricula in the creation of multimedia products;

(B) select and integrate computer-based productivity tools, including, but not limited to, word processor, database, spreadsheet, telecommunications, draw, paint, and utility programs to develop and modify solutions to problems and to create new knowledge for multimedia products;

(C) use technology tools to create a knowledge base with a broad perspective;

(D) apply color principles to communicate the mood of the product for the specific audience;

(E) integrate path and cell animation modules appropriately into multimedia products;

(F) use the appropriate scripting language to create a multimedia sequence;

(G) edit files using established design principles including consistency, repetition, alignment, proximity, ratio of text to white space, image file size, color use, font size, type, and style; and

(H) read and use technical documentation.

(8) Solving problems. The student uses research skills and electronic communication, with appropriate supervision, to create new knowledge. The student is expected to:

(A) participate with electronic communities as a learner, initiator, contributor, and teacher/mentor and use technology to participate in self-directed and practical activities in the larger community and society;

(B) demonstrate proficiency in, appropriate use of, and navigation of LANs, WANs, the Internet, and intranet for research and for sharing of resources;

(C) integrate and use efficiently and effectively a variety of multimedia programs and tools including linear/non-linear authoring tools, image/video editing tools, compression programs, draw/paint/text creation tools;

(D) extend the learning environment beyond the school walls through the creation and linking of multimedia products via electronic networks;

(E) develop technical documentation related to multimedia;

(F) participate in different roles and jobs of a multimedia production crew including project manager, lead programmer, writer, art director, sound engineer, researcher, animator, and presenter;

(G) distinguish among and appropriately integrate 3-D modeling, animation, and rendering software into multimedia products;

(H) import video into the digital format for integration into multimedia products; and

(I) capture, record, and integrate sampled and Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) sound in different sound rates, resolutions, and channels.

(9) Solving problems. The student uses technology applications to facilitate evaluation of work, both process and product. The student is expected to:

(A) design and implement procedures to track trends, set timelines, and review/evaluate progress for continual improvement in process and product;

(B) seek and respond to advice from peers and professionals in delineating technological tasks;

(C) create technology specifications for tasks and rubrics to evaluate products and product quality against established criteria; and

(D) resolve information conflicts and validate information by accessing, researching, and comparing data and demonstrate that products and product quality can be evaluated against established criteria.

(10) Communication. The student formats digital information for appropriate and effective communication. The student is expected to:

(A) identify quality in multimedia design such as consistency, alignment, repetition, and proximity;

(B) use content selection and presentation for the defined audience and communication purpose; and

(C) format the multimedia project according to defined output specifications including target audience and viewing environment.

(11) Communication. The student delivers the product electronically in a variety of media, with appropriate supervision. The student is expected to:

(A) publish information in a variety of ways including, but not limited to, printed copy or monitor display; and

(B) publish information in saved files, Internet documents, CD-ROM discs, or video.

(12) Communication. The student uses technology applications to facilitate evaluation of communication, both process and product. The student is expected to:

(A) determine and employ technology specifications to evaluate projects for design, content delivery, purpose, and audience; and

(B) seek and respond to input from peers and professionals in evaluating the product.

 

Source: The provisions of this §126.26 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 5203.

§126.27. Video Technology (One Credit).

(a) General requirements. The prerequisite for this course is proficiency in the knowledge and skills described in §126.12(c) of this title (relating to Technology Applications (Computer Literacy), Grades 6-8). This course is recommended for students in Grades 9-12.

(b) Introduction.

(1) The technology applications curriculum has four strands: foundations, information acquisition, work in solving problems, and communication.

(2) Through the study of technology applications foundations, including technology-related terms, concepts, and data input strategies, students learn to make informed decisions about technologies and their applications. The efficient acquisition of information includes the identification of task requirements; the plan for using search strategies; and the use of technology to access, analyze, and evaluate the acquired information. By using technology as a tool that supports the work of individuals and groups in solving problems, students will select the technology appropriate for the task, synthesize knowledge, create a solution, and evaluate the results. Students communicate information in different formats and to diverse audiences. A variety of technologies will be used. Students will analyze and evaluate the results.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) Foundations. The student demonstrates knowledge and appropriate use of hardware components, software programs, and their connections. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate knowledge and appropriate use of digital and analog video systems, software applications, and communication and networking components;

(B) compare, contrast, and appropriately use the various input, processing, output, and primary/secondary storage devices;

(C) make decisions regarding the selection, acquisition, and use of software taking under consideration its quality, appropriateness, effectiveness, and efficiency;

(D) delineate and make necessary adjustments regarding compatibility issues including, but not limited to, digital file formats and cross platform connectivity;

(E) use vocabulary related to video technology; and

(F) compare and contrast linear and nonlinear editing.

(2) Foundations. The student uses data input skills appropriate to the task. The student is expected to:

(A) outline differences among electronic input devices as related to video technology; and

(B) demonstrate proficiency in the use of a variety of electronic input devices including the keyboard, mouse, disk/disc, modem, scanner, voice/sound recorder, and digital video by incorporating such components into the video-related product.

(3) Foundations. The student complies with the laws and examines the issues regarding the use of technology in society. The student is expected to:

(A) discuss copyright laws/issues and model ethical acquisition and use of digital and video information, citing sources using established methods;

(B) demonstrate proper etiquette and knowledge of acceptable use policies when using networks, especially resources on the Internet and intranet; and

(C) analyze the impact of video technology on society.

(4) Information acquisition. The student uses a variety of strategies to acquire information from electronic resources, with appropriate supervision. The student is expected to:

(A) use strategies to access research information from different resources including local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), the Internet, and intranet; and

(B) construct and use appropriate electronic search strategies in the acquisition of information including keyword and Boolean search strategies.

(5) Information acquisition. The student acquires electronic information in a variety of formats, with appropriate supervision. The student is expected to:

(A) acquire information in electronic formats including text, audio, video, and graphics, citing the source;

(B) engage in preproduction planning by surveying the site and obtaining necessary permits and release forms; and

(C) acquire information from on-line help and other forms of documentation.

(6) Information acquisition. The student evaluates the acquired electronic information. The student is expected to:

(A) identify and employ a method to evaluate the information; and

(B) demonstrate skill in testing the accuracy and validity of the information.

(7) Solving problems. The student uses appropriate computer-based productivity tools to create and modify solutions to problems. The student is expected to:

(A) use foundation and enrichment curricula in the development of video and digital products;

(B) integrate productivity tools including, but not limited to, video editor, sound editor, word processor, database, spreadsheet, telecommunications, draw, paint, and utility programs to develop and modify solutions to problems for video productions;

(C) create video technology products for a variety of purposes and audiences; and

(D) develop technical documentation related to video technology.

(8) Solving problems. The student uses research skills and electronic communication, with appropriate supervision, to create new knowledge. The student is expected to:

(A) participate with electronic communities as a learner, initiator, contributor, and teacher/mentor;

(B) demonstrate proficiency in, appropriate use of, and navigation of LANs and WANs, the Internet, and intranet for research and for sharing of resources;

(C) participate in relevant activities in the larger community and society to create electronic projects;

(D) extend the learning environment beyond the school walls through the creation and sharing of digital and video products via electronic networks;

(E) demonstrate knowledge in composition including ratio of image to frame, position in frame, line of gaze, pan/tilts, movement, and perspective;

(F) demonstrate proficiency in basic camera techniques including zoom, focus, iris control, white balance, and filters;

(G) create visual communication by applying the strategies of script writing;

(H) engage in preproduction activities including storyboarding, script writing, production, contracting, and scheduling;

(I) utilize lighting techniques including key, fill, and backlight, using incident/reflected light, color temperatures, and filter use;

(J) use audio techniques, including microphone variances and audio mixers, and edit and integrate digital sounds;

(K) participate in different roles and jobs of a production crew including executive producer, producer, director, engineer, script writer, editor, camera person, presenters, and audio technicians;

(L) apply appropriate post production techniques including editing and creating control and/or time coded tracks, transitions, audio levels, background music, and special sound effects;

(M) apply 2-D and 3-D animation effects to video;

(N) use character generators, fonts, colors, and principles of compositions to create graphic images;

(O) create captions and/or titles for video and graphics;

(P) use different compression techniques, and/or programs; and

(Q) demonstrate knowledge in outputting digital video to analog and analog video to digital.

(9) Solving problems. The student uses technology applications to facilitate evaluation of work, both process and product. The student is expected to:

(A) design and implement procedures to track trends, set timelines, and review/evaluate progress for continual improvement in process and product;

(B) seek and respond to advice from peers and professionals in delineating technological tasks;

(C) create technology specifications for tasks and evaluation rubrics;

(D) resolve information conflicts and validate information by accessing, researching, and comparing data; and

(E) monitor process and product quality using established criteria.

(10) Communication. The student formats digital information for appropriate and effective communication. The student is expected to:

(A) use font attributes and color to ensure that products are appropriate for the defined audience and communication purpose;

(B) use white space and graphics to ensure that products are appropriate for the defined audience and communication purpose;

(C) use camera perspective to ensure that products are appropriate for the defined audience and communication purpose; and

(D) use content selection and presentation to ensure that products are appropriate for the defined audience and communication purpose.

(11) Communication. The student delivers the product electronically in a variety of media, with appropriate supervision. The student is expected to:

(A) publish information in a variety of ways including, but not limited to, printed copy or monitor display; and

(B) publish information in saved files, Internet documents, CD-ROM discs, or video.

(12) Communication. The student uses technology applications to facilitate evaluation of communication, both process and product. The student is expected to:

(A) evaluate the project for design, content delivery, purpose, and audience using established criteria;

(B) seek and respond to advice from peers and professionals in evaluating the product; and

(C) research the best method of distribution, number of copies of finished product, and appropriate method for promoting product.

 

Source: The provisions of this §126.27 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 5203.




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