Big Idea: International rivalry between superpowers and growing nationalism in the Third World led to major conflicts in the Cold War
Main Idea 1: After World War II, the differences between the United States and Soviet Union became very apparent, and the two powers became fierce rivals. AJ FRB NK
There was a civil war in Greece.
Western leader’s feared communism and communists were suspicious of the West.
Communists and anti-communists were fighting over control of Greece and Britain withdrew its aid to the anti-communist,
Truman Doctrine was created,
The Civil War in Greece and general spread of communism.
America wanted to stop the spread of communism.
Stated that the US would provide money to countries threatened by communism.
The US became involved in Europe.
President Harry S. Truman
$13 Billion dollars were given for aide to economic recovery.
The Truman Doctrine. It was believed that Communism was successful in countries that had economic problem.
Marshall plan was meant to rebuild Europe and included $13 billion in aid for Europe’s economic recovery.
Soviets founded the COMECON. Europe was restored from ruins. Europe was split between America and Russia.
General George C. Marshall
Division of Germany
Germany divided into four zones.
Russia desire to severely punish the Germans, and their opposition to the creation of a West German state.
In 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany, or West Germany, was formally created. The German Democratic Republic, or East Germany was created.
The Berlin Wall.
Chpt 12 S1 Main Idea 2: As Cold War tensions increased, nations were forced to choose to support the Soviet Union or U.S.
TB RM AP KK
New Military Alliances
1) North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
2) The Warsaw Pact as signed
3) Southeast Asia Treaty Organization was formed.
4) The Central Treaty Organization (CENTO)
1) During the Cold War, nations were searching for security
2) To form an alliance against the NATO
3) To stem the soviet aggression in the east.
4) To prevent the Soviet Union from expanding to the south.
1) West Germany, Turkey, and Greece joined the treaty a few years later.
1) All the powers who signed agreed to provide mutual help if any one of them was attacked.
2) Europe was once again divided into hostile alliance systems.
3&4) By the mid-1950s the US found itself allied militarily with 42 states around the world.
1) Belgium, Luxembourg, France, The Netherlands, Great Britain, Italy, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Iceland, with the U.S. and Canada signed the treaty.
2) Albania, Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania.
3) US, Great Britain, France, Pakistan, Thailand, Philippines, Australia, and New Zealand.
4) Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, Great Britain, and the US.
1) The Soviet Union had set off its first atomic bomb.
2) Hydrogen bomb developed by US and Soviet Union.
3) The Soviets sent Sputnik I, the first human made space satellite, to orbit the earth.
1) Nikita Khrushchev a new leader of the Soviet Union emerged.
1) He tried to take advantadge of American concern over missles to solve the problem of West Berlin.
1) West Berlin remained a western Island
Cuban Missile Crisis
1) Nikita Khrushchev -
Chapter 12: Sec. 2: Cold War and Post War Changes: Sec. 2The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe Name________________________
Big Idea: A totalitarian system violates human rights in the pursuit of political power.
Main Idea 1: The Soviet Union recovered rapidly after WWII, but could not maintain high levels of production. (p 593) WHO?
C12, Sec. 2: Main Idea 2: After WWII, Soviet control of Eastern Europe became firmly entrenched.
Reign of Stalin
Literary work must meet needs of the state.
Russian industry surpasses prewar levels by 40%.
Stalin’s suspicion of anti- communist.
Stalin’s five-year economic plan.
New power plants, canals, and giant factories were built.
Restricted liberal writing.
Lack of consumer goods and inadequate housing.
No more party purges.
Average Russian family lived in a one-bedroom apartment.
Khruschev condemns Stalin’s policies.
Loosened literary censorship.
Khrushchev voted out of office.
To increase Russian standard of living.
Disastrous foreign policy.
Alienation of other soviet leaders with policy in Cuba.
Increased consumer goods production.
Failed agricultural expansion.
Khrushchev voted out of office.
Communist patterns of control
Soviet’s begin to take over eastern Europe.
Five year economic plans instituted in eastern Europe.
Five year plans end.
Josip Broz “Tito” dies.
Buffer between Russia and the west.
Death of Stalin.
Soviet control of east Europe est. 1948.
Yugoslavia leaves soviet communist bloc.
Elimination of non-communist parties.
Lack of consumer goods; increased European heavy industry.
Revolts against Communism
Antonin Novotny made secretary of Czechoslovakia.
Poland, Hungary revolt.
Dubcek established and deposed
Internal dissent and dissatisfaction with Soviet control and exploitation.
Dissatisfaction with censorship; too liberal reforms.
Reforms made in Poland; compromises made with Soviets.
Hungary revolts, leader Imre Nagy captured & executed by Soviets.
Increased dissent with Novotny led to Czech. reform.
The procrastinated truth of the bloc was that it was intervented to the end of the republic.
Winston Churchill, Clement Attlee.
Move toward Unity
EEC WAS A ORGANIZATION THAT DID NOT WORK.
No people were involved
RS VG RR MS
Chapter 12: S3: Cold War and Post War Changes: S3Western Europe and North America Name________________________
Main Idea 2: In the years following WWII, the U.S. faced a range of difficult social and political issues. (p 600)
President Johnson supported the civil rights movement for African Americans.
The people were Martin Luther king Jr. president Johnson and
race riots brok out kiulling 34 and destroying some building
There wanted the black edeas
there was a big huge riot where people were killing.
American – Canandian Relations
Canada, after becoming prosperous, feared America would attack them for their economy.
RS VG RR MS
Chapter 12: S3: Cold War and Post War Changes: S3Western Europe and North America Name:Awaz, Julie, and Lacey ____________________
Main Idea 3: After WWII, advances in technology and struggle for rights led to rapid change in Western Society.
1960s and President Johnson
John F Kennedy became youngest elected president
He became president
He took up the cause for the Civil Rights Movement
His administration was cut short.
It ended segregation and discrimination
He was killed by an assassin.
He began the New Deal
Race riots broke out in LA
Martin Luther king Jr. was assassinated
Riots led to a “White Backlash”
34 people died and over a thousand buildings were destroyed.