Chapter 12 – The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism



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CHAPTER 12 – The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism



Press-gang

On to Canada Over Land and Lakes

  • 1812 invasion of Canada

  • American Navy

    • USS Constitution

    • Lake Erie

    • Battle of the Thames

    • Plattsburgh




Washington Burned and New Orleans Defended

  • Washington burned

  • Fort McHenry

    • Francis Scott Key

  • New Orleans/Andrew Jackson

    • victory impact

  • BR blockade impact


stalemate
armistice

The Treaty of Ghent

  • lead US diplomat

  • treaty terms




Answer: Was the Treaty of Ghent advantageous to the United States? Explain.




Virginia Dynasty

Federalist Grievances and the Hartford Convention

  • New England extremist views

  • Hartford Convention 1814

    • states present:

    • demands:

  • why were their demands not well-received?

  • effect of the Convention on the Federalist party

  • nullification & secession




The Second War for American Independence

  • consequences of the War of 1812:

    • effect on sectionalism

    • war heroes

    • effect on Indians

    • manufacturing

    • Canadian nationalism

  • Rush-Bagot Agreement 1817

nationalism

Nascent Nationalism

  • literature/painting

  • Parson Weems/Webster’s Speller

  • nationalistic spirit

    • BUS

    • capital

    • army/navy



Infrastructure

The American System”

  • BR “dumping” of goods

  • Tariff of 1816/rates

  • Henry Clay’s American System (describe)

  • internal improvement bill/Madison’s veto

  • Erie Canal

  • New England’s reason for opposition

Era of Good Feelings”



The So-Called Era of Good Feelings

  • Monroe

  • goodwill tour

  • bad feelings during the era of good feelings:


Speculation

wildcat banks”



The Panic of 1819 and the Curse of Hard Times

  • 1819 economic panic

  • cause of panic

  • BUS actions

  • debtors




Growing Pains of the West

  • causes of expansion

    • Cumberland Road

  • Land Act of 1820

peculiar institution”



Slavery and the Sectional Balance

  • Missouri

  • Tallmadge Amendment

  • sectional balancing act

    • Southern fear




Answer: Why was Missouri's request for statehood so explosive?





The Uneasy Missouri Compromise

  • Missouri Compromise provisions (1820)

  • election of 1820

  • “firebell in the night” (pg. 246 quote)




John Marshall and Judicial Nationalism

  • McCullough v. Maryland (1819)

    • “the power to tax…”

  • Marshall’s definition of “loose construction”

  • Cohens v. Virginia (1821)

  • Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)




Judicial Dikes Against Democratic Excesses

  • Fletcher v. Peck (1810)

  • Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)

  • Daniel Webster

  • impact of Marshall’s decisions


butternuts

Makers of America (blue pages): Settlers of the Old Northwest

  • opportunity for southern farmers

  • sectional conflict




Sharing Oregon and Acquiring Florida

  • JQ Adams

  • Treaty of 1818

  • Andrew Jackson in Florida

    • reaction of Monroe’s Cabinet

    • Florida-Purchase Treaty of 1819 (Adams-Onís Treaty)




The Menace of Monarchy in America

  • Russia on the West Coast

  • Canning’s offer to America




Monroe and His Doctrine

  • Adams’ suspicions

  • The Monroe Doctrine

    • basic features: 1. 2.




  • US concession to Europe


Self-defense doctrine

Monroe’s Doctrine Appraised

  • international reaction to the doctrine

  • lasting significance

  • Russo-American Treaty of 1824

  • illusion of isolationism





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