Chapter 10 Section 1: classical greece and rome the Ancient Greeks Ancient Age: (2000 750 bc)



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Chapter 10 Section 1: CLASSICAL GREECE AND ROME

The Ancient Greeks

  • Ancient Age: (2000 - 750 BC)

    • Atlantis civilization may have existed on Santorini and Crete Islands.

    • Trojan Wars may have been fought between Greek City States and Turkish City State of Troy. Recorded by the blind poet Homer.

  • City State Age: (500-336 BC)

    • Polis = City State or City Nation.

    • Sparta = Warlike, militaristic, women were equal to men.

    • Athens= First democracy (sort of-slaves and women were not citizens). Art, architecture, poetry, drama, philosophy, literature, math, science, medicine.

    • Persian Wars = David (Greek Polis') versus Goliath (Persian Empire)

      • Greek Victory at Marathon in 1st war.

      • Persian "victory" at Thermopylae, Greek victory at Naval Battle of Salamis, and Greek victory of the Battle of Plateau.

    • Peloponnesian Wars = Sparta defeats Athens in a 30 year war for control of Greece.

    • Theban Hegemony= Thebes defeats a weakened Sparta to rule Greece.

  • Macedonian Age: (336 -323 BC)

    • King Philip of Macedonia defeats Thebes to rule over Greece.

    • Has a son named Alexander that is tutored by Aristotle.

    • King Philip is assassinated.

    • His son Alexander conquers and unites all of Greece.

    • Alexander the Great goes on to conquer Persia, liberate Egypt, and invades ancient India.

  • Hellenistic Age: (323 - 44 BC)

    • Alexander's Empire is divided upon his death among his generals.

    • These rulers establish Greek language, and culture in their nations.

    • All of these empires were slowly conquered by the Romans. Julius Caesar married the last Ptolemaic Pharaoh-Cleopatra to include into Roman Empire.


Sculpture

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Drama

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Philosophy

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Architecture

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GREEK CONTRIBUTIONS


Language, Math and Science

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Democracy

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Olympics

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Columns

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The Ancient Romans

  • The City of Rome Founded by Etruscans, Latins, and Greeks maybe around 750 B.C.

  • Roman Republic (550 B.C. to 31 B.C.)

    • Roman Government Structure

      • 12 Tablets of Law (Law of the Land), Senate (Protects wealthy), Assembly (protects middle class thru' VETO), 2 Consuls (Like co-presidents)

      • 1 Dictator for 6 months or during a time of crisis.

    • Punic Wars

      • Rome defeats Carthage in a series of 3 wars.

      • Roman Civil Wars brought on after victory against Carthage.

    • Julius Caesar

      • Consul of Rome: Corrupt politician, ruled like a mafia boss.

      • Governor and General: Defeats Gaul, and invades Britannia.

      • Invades Rome, Defeats Pompey, Sails to Egypt to Capture Pompey - meets and marries Cleopatra.

      • Assassinated in 44BC War to find and kill assassins follows.

      • Civil War between Octavian Caesar and Marc Antony/Cleopatra.

  • Roman Empire (31 B.C. to 476 A.D.)

    • Augustus (Octavian) Caesar sets up Roman Empire and Pax Romana.

    • Good Emperors (Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antonius Pius, Marcus Aurelius)

      • Built roads, aqueducts, baths, lowered taxes, secured Rome.

    • Bad Emperors (Caligula, Nero, Domitian, Commodus, Elagabalus)

      • Built Palaces, Stadiums, Raised Taxes, Weakened Rome.

    • Corruption, Apathy, Empire Divided, Capital Moves to Constantinople.

  • Rome Falls 476 A.D.

    • Last Roman Emperor turns Roman Empire turned over to a corrupted German King.

    • Within in 10 years Europe is in Chaos, within a 100 years the great cities have less than 5% of their populations. Most have moved to country near estates for protection given by Kings.


DOMES

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VAULTS

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AQUADUCTS

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ARCHES

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ROMAN CONTRIBUTIONS


LATIN LANGUAGE

  • NON SCHOLAE, SED VITAE DISCIMUS.

  • CARPE DIEM, QUAM MINIMUM CREDULA POSTERO EST.

  • I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII,VII,IX, X, ETC.



CHRISTIAN CHURCH

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ROADS

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CONCRETE

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