Learning Objectives- After reading this chapter and coming to class you should be able to:
1. Understand the structure and nature of animal communication and how it differs from human communication.
2. Be familiar with nonverbal forms of communication like gestures, facial expressions, and body movements, and consider how these form an interwoven part of spoken language.
3. Be able to identify the interrelated levels of organization in language.
4. Be familiar with the central premise of Noam Chomsky’s concept of universal grammar, as well as that of the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis.
5. Know what distinguishes a focal vocabulary, and be able to identify the subject matter of semantics.
6. Know what sociolinguists study. In particular, be familiar with how social difference is organized and maintained through specific, situated linguistic practices. Even as fundamentally social linguistic practices are differentially valued and evaluated, what does the concept of linguistic relativity assert?
7. Know what BEV (Black English Vernacular) is and how it compares to SE (Standard English).
8. Know what historical linguists study and how their work contributes to anthropology.
Terms- You should understand these terms and be ready to identify them:
Black English Vernacular (BEV)
A rule-governed dialect of American English with roots in Southern English. BEV is spoken by African American youth and by many adults in their casual, intimate speech—sometimes called "ebonics."
Systems of communication among nonhuman primates, composed of a limited number of sounds that vary in intensity and duration. Tied to environmental stimuli.