Chapter 10 (a changing Nation) Study Guide Multiple Choice

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Chapter 10 (A Changing Nation) Study Guide
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. What aspect of Native American history became known as the “Trail of Tears”?

A. the streams of blood that flowed from the Sauk Indians in the Black Hawk War B. the line connecting Seminole Indian settlements up and down Florida’s east coast C. the forced 800-mile march Cherokee Indians made in their removal from Georgia D. the unpublished works on the Cherokee population written by Sequoya

____ 2. In McCulloch v. Maryland the Supreme Court ruled that the

A. states have more power than the federal government. B. national bank was constitutional. C. federal government could forcibly collect taxes. D. national bank’s charter could be renewed.

____ 3. Nominating conventions contributed to the expansion of democracy in the United States in the 1820s by

A. drawing media attention to the election. B. granting women and African Americans the vote. C. allowing people to become more active in politics. D. increasing the presidential candidate’s popularity.

____ 4. During the 1820s, sectionalism grew in the United States. Sectionalism is when

A. citizens develop increased feelings of pride and devotion to their nation. B. politicians disagree over the interests of different regions. C. a state breaks off from a nation and declares its independence. D. the federal government places a group on a reservation to prevent conflict.

____ 5. Why did the presidential election of 1824 cause controversy?

A. Secretary of State Clay had made secret agreements with Andrew Jackson. B. President Adams was soon convicted for corruption. C. The president was chosen by the Senate. D. John Adams was accused of making a corrupt bargain with Henry Clay.

____ 6. The economic policies adopted by President Jackson before the Panic of 1837

A. decreased inflation. B. privatized state banks. C. lowered the national debt. D. hurt expansion in the West.

____ 7. What was Sequoya’s role in Native American history?

A. He modeled the first Cherokee government after the U.S. Constitution. B. He sued the state of Georgia for illegal occupation of Cherokee land. C. He led a Cherokee attack on Georgia troops. D. He created a writing system for the Cherokee language.

____ 8. What was the Supreme Court’s decision in the 1824 case of Gibbons v. Ogden?

A. States cannot interfere with the power of Congress to regulate interstate commerce. B. States can regulate commerce on man-made canals and roads, but not on natural waterways. C. The Constitution gives Congress sole power over the nation’s money supply. D. The Constitution gives Congress the implied power to create a national bank.

____ 9. What contributed to Martin Van Buren’s success in the presidential election of 1837?

A. the confidence inspired by his past as an army general B. the popularity of his stand against a domineering presidency C. the successful economic policies of his predecessor D. the inability of the opposing party to decide on one candidate

____ 10. What was the “spoils system” practiced by newly-elected president Andrew Jackson?

A. rewarding supporters by giving them government jobs B. raising the wages of one’s staff after a victory C. celebrating one’s victory over a period of months D. damaging the reputations of one’s political opponents

____ 11. In the early 1800s southerners opposed tariffs because tariffs

A. angered their European trading partners. B. decreased the price of the goods they needed. C. were higher in the South than in the North and West. D. benefited only northern merchants.

____ 12. The decisions in the cases of McCulloch v. Maryland and Gibbons v. Ogden strengthened the feeling of national unity in the United States by

A. strengthening pride in state governments. B. regulating interstate commerce. C. permitting all Americans to use the same currency. D. reinforcing the power of the federal government.

____ 13. The nullification crisis was a dispute over the power of the

A. federal government to favor one region over another. B. federal government to end tariffs. C. states to reject unconstitutional federal laws. D. states to secede from the Union.

____ 14. What finally convinced Spanish leaders to settle disputes with the United States over Florida in 1819?

A. President Monroe’s influence in Florida B. General Jackson’s presence in Florida C. the growing number of runaway slaves in Florida D. the rise of the Seminole Indians in Florida

____ 15. The primary goal of Henry Clay’s American System was to

A. prevent foreign wars from affecting the United States. B. industrialize the smaller towns in the United States. C. create a sense of nationalism in the United States. D. make the United States economically independent.

____ 16. What was Andrew Jackson’s view on the Second Bank of the United States?

A. It was an unconstitutional extension of Congress that should be controlled by the states. B. It should be mostly privately owned, but supervised by Congress and the president. C. It was a welfare agency for wealthy politicians that should have its charter revoked. D. It should have the power to act exclusively as the federal government’s financial agent.

____ 17. What settlement did the United States and Spain reach in the Adams-Onís Treaty?

A. The United States would receive the Missouri Territory from Spain in return for parts of the Oregon Country. B. Spain would make Texas an independent territory. C. The United States would receive control of East Florida from Spain in return for U.S. claims to what is now Texas. D. Spain would pay $5 million to the United States.

____ 18. Who benefited most from Andrew Jackson’s plan to remove American Indians to the West?

A. Cherokee Indians, who gained a new model of constitutional government B. Andrew Jackson, who gained public approval as a result of his policy C. American Indians, who gained protection by the U.S. government D. American farmers, who gained millions of acres of land for settlement

____ 19. How did President Andrew Jackson react to Vice President John C. Calhoun’s views on nullification?

A. Jackson commended him because he and Calhoun whole-heartedly agreed. B. Jackson openly disagreed with Calhoun and watched as Calhoun resigned. C. Jackson fired Calhoun over the issue and forced duty collection on the South. D. Jackson stood back and let Calhoun be judged by the voting public.

____ 20. What caused conflicts in the early 1800s between the United States and the Seminole Indian tribe of Florida?

A. The tribe raided U.S. settlements and aided runaway slaves. B. The tribe refused to leave Florida and attacked U.S. military posts. C. The tribe had refused to support U.S. efforts in the War of 1812. D. The tribe aided Spain in its conquest of Florida.

____ 21. Which of the following was a consequence of the Worcester v. Georgia decision?

A. Georgia ignored the ruling and President Jackson took no action to enforce it. B. Georgia allowed the Cherokee nation to establish an independent government. C. President Jackson ordered all state troops to keep out of all Indian lands. D. President Jackson authorized the removal of the Cherokee to Indian Territory.

____ 22. Northerners supported tariffs in the early 1800s because tariffs helped them compete with

A. British merchants. B. Southern agriculturalists. C. British manufacturers. D. Southern manufacturers.

____ 23. What did the Supreme Court rule in Worcester v. Georgia?

A. The state of Georgia had no legal power over the Cherokee. B. The Cherokee Indians had to move from their land in Georgia. C. U.S. troops in any state had the right to remove American Indians. D. Only state governments had authority over American Indians.

____ 24. Arguments over which issue sparked the nullification crisis?

A. bank operations B. economic depression C. the Tariff of Abominations D. states’ rights

____ 25. How did the Cherokee people resist removal to Indian Territory?

A. They brought a case against the state to a federal court. B. They traded tribal goods for knives, guns, and other weapons. C. They published a newspaper directed toward federal officials. D. They adopted the contemporary culture of white Americans.

____ 26. Which of the following statements describes the social situation of the United States before Jacksonian Democracy?

A. Power was in the hands of a few wealthy individuals. B. Small farmers were profiting from new technologies. C. Hundreds of craftspeople were opening shops in the cities. D. Ordinary Americans were gaining a voice in government.

____ 27. The Monroe Doctrine affected the United States’ relationship with Latin America by

A. making Latin American countries financially dependent on the United States. B. placing Latin American nations within the United States’ sphere of influence. C. creating a strong bond between the two regions because each became interested in the other’s security. D. causing anger among Latin American revolutionary leaders who felt the United States was abusing its power.

____ 28. After signing a treaty in 1832 in which they agreed to leave Florida within three years the Seminole Indians

A. brought a case against the state of Florida. B. stayed in Florida and adopted the culture of white people. C. respected the treaty and took a deadly journey west. D. ignored the treaty and resisted removal with force.

____ 29. Which group did Osceola lead against U.S. troops?

A. the Sauk B. the Cherokee C. the Fox D. the Seminole

____ 30. Which of the following statements is an example of how voting rights were expanded in the early 1800s?

A. Massachusetts granted one-half of a vote to each literate freedman. B. Some states extended suffrage rights to more white males. C. Party leaders began to nominate their parties’ candidates. D. Maryland set religious qualifications for voters.

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