Chapter 1 The Sociological Imagination Study Questions

Practice Test: Multiple-Choice Questions

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Practice Test: Multiple-Choice Questions

  1. ________ are any human created ways of doing things that influence, pressure or force people to behave, interact with others and think in specified ways.

    1. Social biographies

    2. Social statics

    3. Social dynamics

    4. Social forces

  1. Sociology is the study of human activity as it is affected by

    1. genetic disposition.

    2. social forces.

    3. mental processes.

    4. personality.

  1. Durkheim wrote, “Even when, in fact, I can struggle free from these rules and successfully break them, it is never without being forced to fight against them.” This statement is a reference to

    1. mechanical solidarity.

    2. social relativity.

    3. social facts.

    4. social interaction.

  1. Peter L. Berger equates the sociologist with

    1. a curious observer who, walking down the neighborhood streets of a large city, is fascinated with what he or she cannot see taking place behind the building walls.

    2. an Internal Revenue Service auditor.

    3. a judge giving instructions to a jury.

    4. a talk show host interviewing guests.

  1. When people sell plasma in the United States it is likely that they will sell it to one of 500 for-profit plasma centers in the United States. It is also likely that the plasma will be exported to a foreign country. This situation is an example of

    1. Globalization.

    2. social dynamics.

    3. social statics.

    4. currents of opinion.

  1. The high school dropout rate in the United States is about 30 percent. Sociologists would classify this situation as

    1. a trouble.

    2. an issue.

    3. the result of personal shortcomings.

    4. as originating from character flaws.

  1. The early sociologists spent most of their professional life attempting to understand the consequences of a social force known as

    1. World War I.

    2. World War II.

    3. the Industrial Revolution.

    4. the Enlightenment.

  1. Which one of the following gave sociology its name?

    1. Auguste Comte

    2. Émile Durkheim

    3. Max Weber

    4. Karl Marx

  1. In studying the current economic crisis Comte would point to

    1. the broadly predictable ways the U.S. and European countries responded to the economic change.

    2. the size and power of the financial sector that was fueled by consumer debt.

    3. the ties that bind lenders and borrowers to one another.

    4. the poorest countries and the lack of a plan to address their needs.

  1. Karl Marx described capitalism in all but which one of the following?

    1. a boundless thirst

    2. a werewolf-like hunger

    3. socially conscious

    4. blood-sucking

  1. According to Marx the _______________ interests would be with increasing wages.

    1. bourgeoisie’s

    2. proletariat’s

    3. finance aristocracy’s

    4. capitalist’s

  1. ______________ suicide occurs when people kill themselves because they have been cast into a lower status.

    1. Egoistic

    2. Altruistic

    3. Anomic

    4. Fatalistic

  1. A quilt maker may work years creating one-of-a-kind object from fabrics saved or purchased and then give it to a special person. Sociologist Max Weber would classify the quilt maker’s actions as

    1. instrumental rational.

    2. traditional.

    3. affectional or emotion driven.

    4. value-rational.

  1. Weber maintained that with industrialization, behavior was less likely to be guided by _____________ and more likely to be instrumental rational.

    1. expediency

    2. subjective meaning

    3. tradition or emotion

    4. logic

  1. W.E.B. DuBois described the American Negro as “two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keep its from being torn asunder.” DuBois was describing

    1. the sociological imagination.

    2. a trouble.

    3. an issue.

    4. double consciousness.

  1. Jane Addams maintained that Hull House was

    1. overall a failure.

    2. could not address the needs of the working poor.

    3. analogous to a community college.

    4. the equivalent of an applied university.

  1. Which one of the following assumptions corresponds to a global perspective?

    1. Social interaction stops at national borders.

    2. Globalization is a relatively new phenomenon.

    3. Local events shape the individual biography.

    4. Globally established social arrangements that we never see deliver products and services.

For each of the following statements identify the associated thinker.

    1. Karl Marx

    2. Emile Durkheim

    3. Max Weber

    4. Jane Addams

    5. W.E.B. DuBois

  1. Every historical period is characterized by a system of production that gives rise to specific types of confrontation between an exploiting and an exploited class.

  1. There is an inevitable self-destructive quality to instrumental-rational action.

  1. “The problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color line.”

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