Changing Life in Eighteenth Century Europe

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Chapter 19: The Expansion of Europe in the Eighteenth Century
AP European History Chapter 19 and 20 Study Guide:

Changing Life in Eighteenth Century Europe

Dates to Remember

Spanish monarch r. 1474 to 1516:
English monarch r. 1509 to 1547:
HREmperor r. 1519 to 1556?
Spanish monarch r. 1556 to 1598:

English monarch r. 1558 to 1603:
1543: Publish On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres by…?
1598: Edict of …
1610: He points his telescope at the moon?
1618 to 1648
1687: Newton’s work…?
1690: Locke’s two famous works…?
French monarch r. 1643-1715:
1713: Last of Louis’ wars, Peace Treaty, Treaty of
1748: Montesquieu”s work…?
1762: Rousseau’s work…?

  1. What was the most common land usage in Europe from the mid-seventeenth century onward?

  2. Famine foods

  3. Open-field system, fallow and common lands

  4. At the end of the seventeenth century, what % of western Europeans were involved in agriculture? _____ Eastern Europe?______

  5. What is “gleaning?”

  6. The agricultural revolution first manifested in what area/country? What factors explain Dutch leadership in this revolution?

  7. What characteristics contributed to the increased agricultural production?

  8. Explain the importance of the “Legends” of the Agricultural Revolution

  • Cornelius Vermuyden.

  • Jethro Tull

  • Jethro Tull’s contributions were the product of ..?

  • Charles “Turnip” Townshed

  • Robert Bakewell

  • Arthur Young

9. Describe the Enclosure Movement

10. Describe the Enclosure Acts from 1760-1830.

11. What were the results of the Enclosure Movement?

12. Proletarianization

13. What was the pattern of European population before 1700?

14. How did the pattern of European population in the 18th Century change? Why?

15. What was the major reason the bubonic plague disappeared?

16. What early public health measures may have helped reduce death rates in the 18th Century?

17. What events lead to the expansion of Europe and European influence in the world in the eighteenth century?

18. Describe the putting-out system or cottage industry

19. Family enterprise

  • How many spinners did you need to keep up with one weaver?

20. What was a spinster?

21. What was “holy Monday?”

22. Why are guilds in the decline?

23. Describe the remaking of London in the 18th Century.

24. Mercantilism:

25. English Navigation Acts.

26. Colonial Wars: Britain and France: 1701-1763

  • France at beginning of this “world war”?

  • Round 1: War of the Spanish Succession, 1701-1713

  • Treaty of Utrecht (1713)

  • Round 2: War of the Austrian Succession, 1740-1748

  • Third and decisive round: Seven Years’ War, 1756-1763

  • Treaty of Paris (1763)

27. Why were the British able to win the American component of the Seven Years’ War?

28. By the 1770s, the biggest increase in British foreign trade came from where?

29. Atlantic Slave Trade: Describe-

  1. Cause of the slave trade in the Americas?

  2. Effect on Africa?

  3. Why does Britain abolish slave trade?

30. Explain the origins of British economic power in the 17th and 18th centuries. How does Britain build the preeminent world empire?

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