CH25 Study Guide in Bentley Book

American culture and social diversity

Download 215.06 Kb.
Size215.06 Kb.
1   2   3   4   5
American culture and social diversity

  1. Multicultural society in the United States

    1. By late nineteenth century, United States was a multicultural society but was dominated by white elites

    2. Native peoples had been pushed onto reservations

      1. Dawes Act, 1887: encouraged natives to take up farming, often on marginal land

      2. Slaughter of buffalo threatened plains Indians' survival

      3. Children sent to boarding schools, lost native language and traditions

    3. Freed slaves often denied civil rights

      1. Northern armies forced the south to undergo Reconstruction (1867-68)

      2. After Reconstruction, a violent backlash overturned reforms

      3. South rigidly segregated; blacks denied opportunities, political rights

    4. American women's movement had limited success in nineteenth century

      1. "Declaration of Sentiments" issued by American feminists in 1848

      2. Sought education, employment, and political rights

    5. Migrants: 25 million Europeans to America from 1840-1914

      1. Hostile reaction to foreigners from "native-born" Americans

      2. Newcomers concentrated in districts like Little Italy and Chinatown

      3. Antagonism to Asians led to legal exclusion of Chinese and Japanese migrants

  2. Canadian cultural contrasts

    1. Ethnic diversity beyond dominant British and French populations

      1. Significant minority of indigenous people displaced by whites

      2. Blacks free after 1833 but not equal; former slaves, some escaped from United States

      3. Chinese migrants came to goldfields of British Columbia, worked on railroad

      4. Late nineteenth and early twentieth century, waves of European migrants

      5. Expansion into Northwest Territories increased British and French conflicts

    2. Northwest Rebellion by the métis, descendents of French traders and native women

      1. Conflict between natives, métis, and white settlers in west, 1870s and 1880s

      2. Louis Riel, leader of western métis and indigenous peoples

      3. Riel organized a government and army to protect land and trading rights

      4. Canadian authorities outlawed his government and exiled him, 1870s

      5. In 1885 Riel again led métis resistance against railroads and British settlements

      6. Rebels were subdued, and Riel was executed for treason

    3. French Canadians suspicious of British elites after Northwest Rebellion

  3. Ethnicity, identity, and gender in Latin America

    1. Latin American societies organized by ethnicity and color, legacy of colonialism

    2. Large-scale migration in nineteenth century brought cultural diversity

      1. Small number of Chinese in Cuba assimilated through intermarriage

      2. Larger group of East Indians in Trinidad and Tobago preserved cultural traditions

      3. European migrants made Buenos Aires "the Paris of the Americas"

    3. Gauchos: Argentine cowboys on the pampas

      1. Gaucho society: ethnic egalitarianism, mostly mestizos or castizos (mixed race)

      2. Distinctive gaucho dress, independent, celebrated in legend and song

      3. Caudillo rule disrupted gaucho life: impressed into armies, lands enclosed

    4. Male domination central feature of Latin American society in nineteenth century

      1. Machismo: culture of male strength, aggression

      2. No significant women's movement; some efforts to improve education for girls

Toussaint L’Overture Mexican-American War Battle of Little Big Horn

Father Miguel de Hidalgo Benito Juarez Battle of Wounded Knee

Augustin de Iturbide La Reforma Emancipation Proclamation

Creoles Domingo F. Sarmiento pampas

Gran Colombia developing nations Seneca Falls Convention

Simon Bolivar Porfirio Diaz machismo

Joao VI Panama Canal Louisiana Purchase

Andres Santa Cruz Uncle Sam

Caudillos oligarchy

Jamaica Letter Sitting Bull

Positivism golondrinas

Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna Dawes Severalty Act of 1887

Monroe Doctrine gauchos

Maximilian von Habsburg Emiliano Zapata

Manifest destiny Francisco “Pancho” Villa

Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo Indian Removal Act of 1830

Homework of Chapter 25

Vocabulary Cards

Instructions for how to complete vocabulary cards are on the website. You will be graded for these cars on the day of the test. You will be expected to complete all of the cards but will be graded on whichever cards I choose the day they are due, so make sure you have all of the cards complete.
Reading and Notes: Read chapter 25 in the BENTLEY textbook. Read the chapter at least twice. Write Cornell notes on the chapter.

Share with your friends:
1   2   3   4   5

The database is protected by copyright © 2020
send message

    Main page