Ch 31 review Review Questions

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Ch 31 review

Review Questions

1. The ____________________ used terrorism to put down the socialist movement in Spain.

2. Germany’s annexation of ____________________ violated the Treaty of Versailles.

3. England and France’s ____________________ policy led to the fall of Czechoslovakia to the Germans.

4. The part of France that collaborated with Germany became known as ____________________ France.

5. Although the U.S. was not in the war, the Atlantic Charter showed its support of ____________________.

6. Britain tried to hold onto North Africa in order to maintain access to the ____________________.

7. Hitler’s ____________________ included a plan to make Europe into one political and economic system.

8. British forces defeated ____________________ in North Africa.

9. The ____________________ turned the tide of the war in the Pacific against Japan.

10. ____________________ ordered the use of the atomic bomb to end the war with Japan.
11. Identify three acts of aggression by dictators in the 1930s.

12. Give three reasons why western democracies were unable to stop aggressive dictators.

13. Describe two ways that technology affected the fighting in World War II.

14. Identify three ways that mobilization for war affected Americans on the home front.

15. Explain how El Alamein and Stalingrad were turning points in World War II.

16. List three events that led to the defeat of Germany.

17. Explain two reasons why the United States used the atomic bomb on Japan.

18. What happened at the Munich Conference? What was the result?

19. How did the Soviets fight the German invasion of Soviet territory?

20. Why should all of Europe have feared Hitler’s Final Solution?

21. What was island hopping? Why was it effective?

Ch 31 review

Answer Section


1. ANS: Falange

2. ANS: Austria

3. ANS: appeasement

4. ANS: Vichy

5. ANS: Britain

6. ANS: Suez Canal

7. ANS: New Order

8. ANS: Rommel

9. ANS: Battle of Midway

10. ANS: President Truman


11. ANS:

Japan seized Manchuria; Italy invaded Ethiopia; Germany sent troops into the Rhineland.

DIF: A REF: 770-771 OBJ: C31S1-1

TOP: Power and conflict, Dictators challenge world peace

12. ANS:

France was suffering from political divisions. Some Britons thought Hitler was justified in challenging the harsh Versailles treaty. Both Britain and France viewed Hitler as a defense against the spread of Soviet communism. Pacifism and disgust with World War I caused governments to seek peace.

DIF: A REF: 771 OBJ: C31S1-3

TOP: Power and conflict, Appeasement and neutrality

13. ANS:

Technology made World War II a war of rapid movement through the use of armored tanks and troop carriers and improved airplanes. Technology also increased the destructiveness of war with deadly bombs and weapons.

DIF: A REF: 776 OBJ: C31S2-1 TOP: Technology, Modern warfare

14. ANS:

The government rationed consumer goods and regulated prices and wages. The high rate of unemployment ended. Many women replaced men in the work force. Japanese Americans lost their civil rights and freedoms.

DIF: D REF: 784 OBJ: C31S3-2 TOP: Power and conflict, Total war

15. ANS:

The Allied victory at El Alamein stopped Rommel’s advance and drove back Axis forces in North Africa. It set the stage for the Allied invasion of Italy. At Stalingrad, German troops were trapped by the Russians and finally surrendered. This victory allowed the Red Army to take the offensive and drive the Germans out of the Soviet Union.

DIF: A REF: 784, 786 OBJ: C31S3-3 TOP: Power and conflict, Turning points

16. ANS:

Allied bombings of German cities, the Allied advance from France, and the Soviet advance on Berlin led to the final surrender of Germany.

DIF: A REF: 788 OBJ: C31S4-2

TOP: Global interaction, Defeat of Germany

17. ANS:

President Truman wanted to avoid an invasion of mainland Japan that would cost enormous loss of life on both sides. He may also have hoped to hold off a Soviet advance by impressing them with American power.

DIF: A REF: 789-790 OBJ: C31S4-3 TOP: Global interaction, Atomic bomb

18. ANS:

At the Munich Conference, French and English representatives met with Hitler. In an effort to keep peace, the French and English representatives agreed not to interfere with Hitler’s annexation of the Sudetenland. By annexing the Sudetenland, Hitler was able to attack Czechoslovakia and cement his power in central Europe.

19. ANS:

The Soviets used scorched-earth methods, meaning they destroyed everything in their wake as they retreated. They also hid in forests, making guerrilla-style attacks on railroads, trains, and bridges. The Soviets had a natural advantage in that they fought during a bitter cold winter. The Germans were not accustomed to or prepared for such harsh weather.

20. ANS:

Hitler intended to eliminate all non-Aryan people. He not only wanted to exterminate Jews, but also Slavs and Gypsies, and he probably would have eventually turned against allies such as the Italians and Japanese.

21. ANS:

The U.S. fought Japan off of Pacific islands by attacking some islands and skipping others. This tactic enabled the Americans to cut off supply lines to the islands that had not been attacked. It was then difficult for the Japanese to maintain the “skipped” islands, and the U.S. eventually conquered these areas without wasting military force.

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