Ch. 14. 4 (The Movement to End Slavery) p. 454 – 459 key

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Ch.14.4 (The Movement to End Slavery) p. 454 – 459 KEY

  1. What was the first anti-slavery society in America? Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery

  2. Which famous “founding father” was president of this society? Ben Franklin

Differences Among Abolitionists

  1. Which group was among the first to challenge slavery on religious grounds? Quakers

  2. What issue(s) did anti-slavery reformers disagree on? Equality and same treatment as whites vs. opposed full political and social equality

5. What did some abolitionists propose as a solution to conflict between the whites and newly freed

slaves? An African colony for freed slaves

6. What organization did Minister Robert Finley found in 1817? American Colonization Society

Spreading the Abolitionist Message

7. What did William Lloyd Garrison publish? Newspaper called the Liberator

8. What did Garrison help to found, and later become president of? American Anti-Slavery Society

9. What were the American Anti-Slavery Society’s goals? Immediate emancipation and racial equality for African Americans

10. What actions did the society participate in to accomplish their goals? Spread antislavery literature and petitioned congress

11. What were the Grimke sisters’ contributions to the antislavery movement? Recruited white southern women and wrote important antislavery literature.

African American Abolitionists\

12. Fredrick Douglass – Read info on p. 456 and Bio on p. 460. Summarize 5 W’s information.

    1. Who? Escaped/freed slave

    2. When? 1817-1895

    3. Where? Born in Maryland, N.Y. as an adult, gave speeches in N. US and Europe.

    4. What? Gave speeches about slavery, wrote autobiography, started abolitionist newspaper “North Star”, and persuaded blacks soldiers to fight for the North.

    5. Why? Helped abolitionist movement grow.

13. Sojourner Truth- what is she known for contributing to the antislavery movement? Quick wit and fiery and dramatic speeches about slavery and women’s’ rights

The Underground Railroad

14. What were the three types of people were involved in the Underground Railroad? Free African Americans, former slaves, and white abolitionists

15. What were freedom trails? Routes that led runaway slave to North & Canada

What were stations? Place for runaways to rest during the day—barns, attics, etc.

16. What did Harriet Tubman do for the antislavery movement? She was a daring “conductor” –led family and 300+ escaped slaves to freedom

Opposition to Ending Slavery

17. What two views did some Northerners have regarding slavery and equality for African Americans?

Some supported slavery, others opposed slavery but did not favor equality.

18. What did some fear regarding freed slaves? They would take jobs away from Northerners because they would be willing to work for lower wages.

19. What action did the Federal Government take to disrupt antislavery movement during the late 1830s and early 1840s? Used the “gag rule” on congress—forbade members of congress from discussing antislavery petitions.

20. What first Amendment right was violated by this action? The right to petition the government

21. What was the view of many white southerners regarding the issue of slavery? Thought it was vital to the Southern economy and culture.

  1. What effect did Nat Turner’s Rebellion have on people in southern states? Made it dangerous to voice antislavery sentiments.

  2. Define emancipation: freeing of the slaves

  3. What three factors made the emancipation of slaves difficult? Racism, fear, and economic dependence.

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