7. What did William Lloyd Garrison publish? Newspaper called the Liberator
8. What did Garrisonhelp to found, and later become president of? American Anti-Slavery Society
9. What were the American Anti-Slavery Society’s goals? Immediate emancipation and racial equality for African Americans
10. What actions did the society participate in to accomplish their goals? Spread antislavery literature and petitioned congress
11. What were the Grimke sisters’ contributions to the antislavery movement? Recruited white southern women and wrote important antislavery literature.
African American Abolitionists\
12. Fredrick Douglass – Read info on p. 456 and Bio on p. 460. Summarize 5 W’s information.
Who? Escaped/freed slave
Where? Born in Maryland, N.Y. as an adult, gave speeches in N. US and Europe.
What? Gave speeches about slavery, wrote autobiography, started abolitionist newspaper “North Star”, and persuaded blacks soldiers to fight for the North.
Why? Helped abolitionist movement grow.
13. Sojourner Truth- what is she known for contributing to the antislavery movement? Quick wit and fiery and dramatic speeches about slavery and women’s’ rights
The Underground Railroad
14. What were the three types of people were involved in the Underground Railroad? Free African Americans, former slaves, and white abolitionists
15. What were freedom trails? Routes that led runaway slave to North & Canada
What were stations? Place for runaways to rest during the day—barns, attics, etc.
16. What did Harriet Tubman do for the antislavery movement? She was a daring “conductor” –led family and 300+ escaped slaves to freedom
Opposition to Ending Slavery
17. What two views did some Northerners have regarding slavery and equality for African Americans?
Some supported slavery, others opposed slavery but did not favor equality.
18. What did some fear regarding freed slaves? They would take jobs away from Northerners because they would be willing to work for lower wages.
19. What action did the Federal Government take to disrupt antislavery movement during the late 1830s and early 1840s? Used the “gag rule” on congress—forbade members of congress from discussing antislavery petitions.
20. What first Amendment right was violated by this action? The right to petition the government
21. What was the view of many white southerners regarding the issue of slavery? Thought it was vital to the Southern economy and culture. What effect did Nat Turner’s Rebellion have on people in southern states? Made it dangerous to voice antislavery sentiments.