Statues and Paintings: The ancient Greeks were master artists. Their paintings and statues have been admired for hundreds of years. Greek statues were admired because the sculptors wanted them to look perfect and realistic. Sculptors studied the body and carved marble and stone for their works of art. Greek painting is admired for it realism and detail. Greek artists painted scenes on vases, pots, and other vessels showing scenes from myths or athletic competitions.
Architecture: The Greeks took great care in designing their buildings especially their temples. Ancient Greek designers took such care of their designs because they wanted their buildings to reflect the greatness of their cities. The most impressive of all ancient Greek buildings is the Parthenon in Athens built in 400 B.C. on the Athenian acropolis.
Writing: The Greeks created new forms of writing forms including drama and history. The Greeks created drama, or plays, as part of their religious ceremonies. Actors and singers performed scenes in honor of gods and heroes. These plays became a popular form of entertainment.
Philosophy: The ancient Greeks worshipped gods and goddess who actions explained many of the mysteries of the world. Philosophers believed in the power of the human mind to think, explain, and understand life.
Socrates: He believed that people must never stop looking for knowledge. He was a teacher as well as a thinker. He taught by asking questions about human qualities such as love and courage. Socrates wanted to make people think and question their own beliefs. This made people frightened and angry and people accused him for questioning the gods. He was arrested and condemned to death.
Plato: Was a student of Socrates and was a teacher as well as a student. Plato created a school, the Academy, to which students, philosophers, and scientists could come to discuss ideas. His most famous book was The Republic where is describes his idea of an ideal society. He believed society should be run by philosophers.
Aristotle: One of the greatest Greek thinker who was Plato’s student. Aristotle taught that people should live lives of moderation or balance. He believed that moderation was based on reason and thought that people should use reason to govern their lives. Aristotle made great advances in the field of logic, the process of making inferences. He argued that you could use facts you knew to figure out new facts. Aristotle’s ideas about logic helped inspire many later Greeks scientists.