Century global skills

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Part I. Multiple Choice (3pts each)
1. The Sumerians wrote on

a. paper

b. clay tablets

c. stone

d. wood

e. papyrus

2. The most important people in Sumer were

a. slaves

b. scribes

c. farmers

d. priests
3. To sign their names, the Sumerians used a

a. cylinder seal

b. pen

c. signet rings  

d. stamps and ink pads

e. thumbprint

4. One of the surviving Sumerian legends concerns

a. Hercules

b. Enlil

c. Hammurabi

d. Gilgamesh

e. Darius

5. Prior to the city states of Mesopotamia, people were

a. urban dwellers

b. non-existent

c. hunter-gatherers

d. pastoral

6. If a country wanted to make a better government, what 
would be the best piece of information to use to start?

a. fossils from the country

b. documents from leaders of the country in the past

c. maps about the country from 200 years ago

d. artifacts from the country that show different cultures

7. Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar both 

a. built beautiful palaces

b. used chariots in battle

c. captured Phoenicia

d. built up Babylon
8. Which of the following best describes how Egyptian civilization developed?

  1. Villages replaced towns

  2. Farms grew into villages 
and then cities

  3. Cities broke off into 
scattered farms

  4. Farms replaced cities and 
then pyramids

9. Which two land features gave Mesopotamia its name?

a. the Fertile Crescent and the Mediterranean Sea

b. the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea

c. the northern plateau and the southern plateau

d. the Tigris River and the Euphrates River

10. Which is an inference about why city-states fought each other for farmland?

  1. Each city-state owned 
crops that had been destroyed by natural causes

  2. Each city-state had only one skill, which was farming

  3. Each city-state wanted to build walls around its farms

  4. Each city-state wanted to have enough farmland to grow food

11. What did Sargon’s empire have in common with other Mesopotamian city-states?

  1. It extended over a greater 
territory than anyone had 
ever conquered before

  2. It fought with 
surrounding city-states

  3. It covered an area from the Mediterranean Sea to the 
Persian Gulf

  4. It had a professional army

12. Who served a role between the Sumerians and the gods?

a. farmers

b. priests

c. war chiefs

d. political leaders

13. Which is the best explanation for why Mesopotamians built 

a. They needed a way to 
control the river’s flow.

b. They needed a way to 
control flooding.

c. They needed a way to 
control low water levels.

d. They needed a way to 
control the surplus.

14. What was most likely the rea- son that ziggurats were tall?

  1. to honor the gods

  2. so they could easily be 

  3. so architects could display 
their work

  4. to mark the center of 
the city

15. What was the relationship between trade and the spread of the Phoenician alphabet?

  1. Phoenicians traded 
knowledge of their alphabet for goods and services they needed

  2. Trade increased in places where the Phoenician alphabet was not used

  3. The Phoenician alphabet spread along their trade routes

  4. Phoenicians would only trade with people who could write in Phoenician

16. The resource for which Phoenicia was well known was

a. iron ore

b. cedar wood

c. fertile soil

d. gold and silver

17. What technology did the Hittites and Assyrians use in battle?

  1. fire and chariots

  2. bows and arrows

  3. iron weapons and chariots

  4. battleships and iron weapons

18. The political order of Egypt around 3200 BC was based on

  1. merchants who helped 
build trade routes

  2. priests who helped build 
the temples

  3. wealthy farmers who 
emerged as leaders

  4. wealthy fishermen who 
emerged as leaders

19. How was Egypt able to build pyramids and temples?

  1. The pharaohs’ families paid the costs

  2. It collected taxes from the people

  3. It collected payments from Sumer

  4. The priests held religious festivals

20. Why were tombs filled with art, jewelry, and other treasures?

  1. The tombs served as museums

  2. The tombs were the private storage rooms of the pharaoh.

  3. Egyptians believed tombs to be the safest places in the kingdom

  4. Egyptians believed the dead enjoyed such materials in the afterlife

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