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Rivers Support the Growth of Civilization

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Rivers Support the Growth of Civilization

  • Early people settled where crops would grow and they usually grew well near rivers where water was available and regular floods made the soil rich.

2. Mesopotamia “The land between two rivers”

  • The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers are the most important physical features of the region known as Mesopotamia. It means “between the rivers” in Greek. This region is part of a larger area called the Fertile Crescent, a large arc of rich, or fertile, farmland. It extends from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea. The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers flow down this region from the hills in the north to the low-lying plains in the south.

  • Hunter-gatherer groups first settled in Mesopotamia ore than 12,000 years ago. They learned how to plant crops and grown their own food. Every year the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers would flood and brought silt, a mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks, to the land. The fertile silt made it ideal for farming. Farmers grew wheat, barley, and other grains. Livestock, birds, and fish were also good sources of food. Plentiful food led to population growth, and villages formed. These early villages developed the world’s first civilization.

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