1. The Paleolithic Age Historians call the early period of human history the Stone Age because it was during this time that humans used stones to make tools and weapons. The Paleolithic Age was the earliest part of this period. It began around 2.5 million years ago and lasted until around 800 B.C.
Paleolithic people were called nomads because they constantly had to move around in search of food. They traveled in groups, or bands, of about 20 to 30 people.
Paleolithic people survived by hunting and gathering, the search for food was their main activity. They hunted buffalo, bison, wild goats, reindeer, and other animals depending on where they lived. Along coastal areas they would also fish. These early people also gathered wild nuts, berries, fruits, wild grains, and green plants.
Climate affected how Paleolithic people lived. Those who lived in cold areas made clothes from animal skins to stay warm. They sought protection in available natural shelters like saves and rock overhangs. Over time, humans learned to make shelter as tents using animal skin, brush, and wood. In cold climate, some made shelter from ice and snow. People living in warmer climates needed shelter for safety from large animals.
Fire was discovered during the Paleolithic Age and used for light, warmth, and to cook food.