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Suggested Lesson #4

Content Area: Social Studies

Lesson Title: Hinduism, and Buddhism

Timeframe: 2 90 minute periods

Lesson Components

21st Century Themes

X

Global Awareness




Financial, Economic, Business, and Entrepreneurial Literacy




Civic Literacy




Health Literacy

21st Century Skills

X

Creativity and Innovation

X

Critical Thinking and Problem Solving

X

Communication and Collaboration

X

Information Literacy

X

Media Literacy

X

ICT Literacy




Life and Career Skills

Interdisciplinary Connections: Social Studies, Technology, Language Arts

Integration of Technology:

Use of interactive media if available, computers with internet access to Microsoft Word


Equipment needed: Internet, computers




Goals/Objectives

Learning Activities/Instructional Strategies

Formative Assessment Tasks


1. SWAT: Explain what it means to be a Hindu.

Essential Questions: Why do people have faith?

2. SWAT: explain and apply the concepts of Dharma and Karma.
Essential Questions: Why do people have faith? What does it mean to be a good person?

3. SWAT: Delineate the relationship between reincarnation, and the concepts of Dharma and Karma.
Essential Question: What happens after we die?

4. SWAT: Compare and contrast Hindu beliefs of after life with those of Christianity.
Essential Question: What happens after we die?

5. SWAT: Explain whether Hinduism is a monotheistic or a polytheistic faith.
6. SWAT: Discuss how the writings of Sri Ramakrishna reflect some of the essential teachings of Hinduism?
Essential Question: Are all religions, at their core, the same?

6. SWAT: Compare and contrast Hindu and Western religion concepts about the afterlife.
Essential Questions: What happens after we die?


  1. 7. SWAT: Are all religions, at their core, the same?

8. SWAT: Discuss the similarities and differences of Hindu religious rites of passage to those of western religions.
Essential Questions: Are all religions, at their core, the same?

  1. SWAT: How do life cycle ceremonies, holidays and ceremonies reflect the core teachings of a belief system?


10. SWAT: Discuss the similarities and differences of Hindu religious rites of passage to those of western religions.
Essential Questions: Are all religions, at their core, the same?

  1. 11. SWAT: How do life cycle ceremonies, holidays and ceremonies reflect the core teachings of a belief system?

12. SWAT: Describe aspects of Hindu life in contemporary American society.
Essential Question: To what degree do belief systems promote or retard achievements of civil societies?

11. SWAT: Discuss how Hindu festivals and life cycle ceremonies reflect its core beliefs.

12. SWAT: Explain how Hindu served as the glue to traditional Indian society, and the role it plays in India’s modernization.

1. SWAT: Explain what it means to be a Buddhist?
Essential Question: Why do people have faith?

2. SWAT: Discuss the biography of Buddha and how and why he became a world force.
Essential Question: Are all religions, at their core, the same?


3. SWAT: Explain the concept of dukkha and why Buddhists seek enlightenment through eightfold path.

Essential Question: What does it mean to be a good person?

  1. SWAT: discuss how the values of the Buddhist Five Precepts compare to the Ten Commandments of the Bible.


Essential Questions: What does it mean to be a good person?

Are all religions, at their core, the same?




  1. SWAT: compare and contrast Buddhist beliefs of after life with those of Hinduism.


Essential Question: Are all religions, at their core, the same?


  1. SWAT: Discuss how the writings of Siddhartha Gautama reflect some of the essential teachings of Buddhism.


Essential Question: Why do people have faith?


  1. SWAT: Compare and contrast Buddhism and Western religion concepts about the afterlife.

Essential Question: What happens after we die?

Are all religions, at their core, the same?





  1. SWAT: Discuss the similarities and differences of Buddhist religious rites of passage to western religions.


Essential Questions: How do life cycle ceremonies, holidays and ceremonies reflect the core teachings of a belief system?

Are all religions, at their core, the same?





  1. SWAT: Discuss how Buddhist festivals reflect its core beliefs.


Essential Question: How do life cycle ceremonies, holidays and ceremonies reflect the core teachings of a belief system?



Hinduism

Have students read following websites about Hinduism: http://bit.ly/afTiAp (religious tolerance website... caution students that there are advertisements on this page.) and

Himalayanacademy.com http://bit.ly/aPvqGG

Discuss: 1. Is Hinduism a “creed” or a culture and way of life? Is it both? 2. Examine the "Nine Beliefs of Hinduism" from Himalayan Academy website: http://bit.ly/aPvqGG. 3. 4. Have students create a four column graphic organizer (Create one here please) 5. Use to examine each of the nine beliefs -In column one state belief, in column two paraphrase beliefs, in column explain if that belief is one with which you agree and in column four discuss if that belief is found in any or all of the three western religions you have already studied. 6. Have students read the following article about Karma http://bit.ly/fyNlz Do they see this concept as being consistent with Judeo-Christian beliefs? Why/why not?


Have students underline terms or phrases in reading that help define what Karma means. Discuss if they believe that good brings good and evil produces evil. Ask students to write short biographical essays defending their point of view on the issue of Karma. Ask students to read story of the Elephant King http://bit.ly/bfmPLb Ask students to summarize story. Discuss: What is moral of story. How does the story illustrate the concept of Karma? Is this story a parable that might be taught in Sunday schools in the United States?

Ask students to read http://bit.ly/9NFRIt #5 selection on reincarnation. Students will summarize the article and explain if the belief in reincarnation is at variance with their own beliefs about an afterlife and the tenets of western religions such as Christianity.

Divide students into groups and have them each report on one of the manifestations of God in Hinduism. Discuss how the God’s roles are complimentary to each other. Review the concept of the Trinity in Roman Catholicism. Discuss whether the Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are a Trinity and how according to Hinduism they work during the life cycle.

http://bit.ly/bHLoCv

Have students read an article about Sri Ramakrishna, a revered Hindu teacher. http://bit.ly/bHLoCv How do you compare his life on earth with that of Jesus? Discuss whether his vision of God is similar or different than the vision of God in the Old Testament? What does he mean when he says that the clearest sight of God is men and woman? Do you see his comments as a reflection of Jesus it the Sermon on the Mount? Sri Ramakrishna faithfully practiced the spiritual disciplines of different religions and came believe that all of them lead to the same goal. Thus he declared, "As many faiths, so many paths." Sri Ramakrishna faithfully practiced the spiritual disciplines of different religions and came to the realization that all of them lead to the same goal. Thus he declared, "As many faiths, so many paths." Ask students to summarize his beliefs expressed in short passage - Do they agree with some, all, or none of his philosophy. Ask students to find writings in other religions that are similar, cite chapter and verse.


The comic of Ramayana:



http://bit.ly/bkdiQK

Have students read the comic of Ramayana and summarize the first 20 pages.


Then ask the students the following questions:

Who is the hero?

What values of society are reflected in the story?

Compare this story to different stories in the Bible? (For example, Samson & Delilah.)

How does this story from the perspective the India concepts of Dharma and Karma get reflected in the story?

For this lesson, see:



http://bit.ly/9s4Xix

Divide students into groups and have them each report on one of the manifestations of God in Hinduism. Discuss how the God’s roles are complimentary to each other. Review the concept of the Trinity in Roman Catholicism. Discuss whether the Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are a Trinity and how according to Hinduism they work during the life cycle.

Ask students to read the article about reincarnation and write a brief summary of its ideas

1. Discuss what is meant by the tern soul from student’s perspective and from the Hindu point of view?

Is the meaning of these terms similar or different in the two traditions?

2. Discuss what is meant by the term ”jiva” why is it compared to the “ego”?

3. How is the Hindu concept of heaven similar and /or different than the western concept?

4. The Bible says that man was created in God’s image would Hindu’s agree?

5, In what way is reincarnation an evolutionary process?

6. Does Hinduism provide more or less incentive to lead a good life as compared to western religions?



Students should use the following websites answer these questions:



Kumbha Mela- http://bit.ly/bEv80H

Holi: http://bit.ly/9ULY6Q

Divali: http://bit.ly/c35HoV

Students should create a graphic organizer looking like the one below:






Question #1

Question #2

Question #3

Question #4

Question

#5


Kunmbha Mela
















Holi
















Divali















1. Describe why people are celebrating this festival?

2. What traditions are performed in honor of this celebration?

3. What connections exist between the rituals/ceremonies and purpose of faith?

4. How are these rituals/ceremonies similar to western religions?

5. How are these rituals/ceremonies different to western religions?

Once the students finish completing the chart, the teacher should a class discussion on the answers.
Begin class by asking the class about Social Class. Does America have social classes? If so, what are they? Do they have rules?

Pick one of the readings on the left and ask students to answer these same questions for India. Discuss the breakdown of social class in India from the traditional Hindu caste system to the modern secular, legally classless society. Do they see connections between caste in India and caste in American History?

Now move to Hinduism. How does Hindu religious teaching reinforce the idea of social caste? How might it be a vehicle for breaking down caste?

Watch the video clips on the following website and analyze each speaker’s opinion of the role of Hindu in the breakdown of caste in India.


http://bit.ly/aUPYIV

For background reading, see the following websites:



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caste_system_in_India
http://hinduism.iskcon.com/practice/701.htm
http://www.hinduwebsite.com/hinduism/h_caste.asp

There is a strong tension in modern Hinduism between the traditional role of the religion in justifying the caste system on the Indian subcontinent and a potentially transformative role of Hinduism in helping to overcome or transcend the caste system through its openness to new ideas and diversity


Begin class by asking the class about Social Class. Does America have social classes? If so, what are they? Do they have rules?

Pick one of the readings on the left and ask students to answer these same questions for India. Discuss the breakdown of social class in India from the traditional Hindu caste system to the modern secular, legally classless society. Do they see connections between caste in India and caste in American History?

Now move to Hinduism. How does Hindu religious teaching reinforce the idea of social caste? How might it be a vehicle for breaking down caste?

Watch the video clips on the following website and analyze each speaker’s opinion of the role of Hindu in the breakdown of caste in India.


http://bit.ly/aUPYIV
Extension: Now that caste discrimination is illegal, would you marry outside of your caste? What would the arguments be for or against such a decision? How might the principles of Hinduism guide your decision?




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