Century global skills

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5. Chinese Achievements

  • Art and Literature

    • Artists became experts at figure paintings, a style of painting that includes portraits of people. Portraits were usually religious figures and Confucian scholars. Ha artists also painted realistic scenes from everyday life and their creations covered the walls of palaces and tombs.

    • In literature, Han China is known for its poetry. Poets developed new styles of verse. Fu poets combined prose and poetry to create long works of literature. Another styled called shi, featured short lines of verse that could be sung.

  • Inventions and Advances

    • The Han Chinese invented paper, they made it grinding plant fibers, such as mulberry, bark, and hemp, into paste. In science, they created the sundial used to position shadows cast by the sun to tell the time of day and a seismograph used to measure the strength of an earthquake.

    • Acupuncture is the practice of inserting fine needles through the skin at specific points to cure disease or relieve pain.

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