Reacting against this permission with hostility, Kaiser Wilhelm II visited Tangier, Morocco, on March 31, 1905, and made a speech in favor of Moroccan independence. His visit represented such an upfront challenge to France that many in the French government began to rally for war. On January 3, 1906, France did begin moving troops toward the German border. A few days later, delegates from thirteen nations convened in Algeciras, Spain, to resolve the dispute. The only nation to side with Germany was Austria-Hungary.