Case study boxes on land reform in uganda, tanzania, mozambique and south africa



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LAND REFORM IN SOUTH AFRICA

(source: Martin Adams, personal communication)
Prior to the elections in 1994, the African National Congress set out its proposals for land reform in the Reconstruction and Development Programme: a policy framework, (ANC, 1994). It stated that land reform was to be the central and driving force of a programme of rural development. Land reform was to redress the injustices of forced removals and the historical denial of access to land; to ensure security of tenure for rural dwellers, eliminate overcrowding and to supply residential and productive land to the poorest section of the rural population; to raise incomes and productivity; and, through the provision of support services, to build the economy by generating large-scale employment and increase rural incomes. As anticipated in the 1994 RDP policy framework, government’s response has had three major elements:



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