Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud were two influential minds of the "unconscious" world with two very differing philosophies

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  • Though Jung's analytical psychology derives from Freud's psychoanalysis, there was strife, disagreement and disappointment shared between these two great thinkers, resulting in a rift between once great friends. Some key differences are presented below:

FREUD depicted the unconscious as a receptacle underlying the conscious mind, whose task is to contain rejected and un-encountered events, feelings, thoughts and experiences of the resenting conscious mind.


JUNG postulated two layers of the unconscious - a personal unconscious, right under the conscious mind, taking in personal psychic contents and down below the collective unconscious, containing the accumulating experience of all humanity.




According to FREUD the force of life is driven by sexuality and the underlying unconscious contains nothing but feelings, thoughts experience and frustrations of resulting unfulfilled sexual desires; hence the unconscious is a bag full of pathology and in fact, so is life in general.


There is much more to life than sexuality, which is but a part of a greater wholeness, which underlies the process of Individuation and constant search for meaning, according to JUNG. The unconscious has a compensatory regulating function, aiming at healing, growth and individuation.




For FREUD, a disturbance to the psychic balance is a pathology stemming from an unresolved sexual conflict, a complex surrounding the person's sexual energy (libido).


For JUNG it is not necessarily a pathology, but rather a compensatory and regulatory inclination of the unconscious to strive and resolve the unbalanced equilibrium of the psyche as a whole.

  • Although there is much divergence between the Master (Freud) and his ex-devotee (Jung), there is much in common too. One may sometimes refer to psychoanalysis as "materialistic" and reductive, while taking Jung to be the "spiritualistic" and holistic.

Taken from:

Jung Vs. Freud:
A Look at the Clashing Theories of Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud of

the Psychoanalytical School of Psychology


Roberta O. Roberts

Period 4

AP Psychology

Final Project

Mr. Presswood

APA Style Citations

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