Canada’s Treasures Option A: a treasure Chest Fill a box with objects



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Canada’s Treasures
Option A: A Treasure Chest
Fill a box with objects that represent the different resources and economic activities for each period that have defined the economy of Canada from the First Occupants to today. You will have to include a “journal” which details and explains each of the different economic activities represented and their effects on society and the territory.
Option B: Scrapbook of Treasures
Use images to represent the different resources and economic activities that have defined the economy of Canada from the First Occupants to today. You will have to have a description that details each of the different economic activities represented and their effects on society and the territory.
Economy and Development Outline


First Occupants (circa 1500)



  • Trade Networks

French Regime (1608-1760)


British Regime



  • Economy based on fur

  • Economy based on timber

  • Agriculture

  • Beginning of industrialization

  • Economic policies

Contemporary Period / Today





**Each of these MUST be represented by a minimum of
one object (treasure – option A) or one scrapbook page (option B).**

Economy and Development Information Package


Use your notes and refer to the textbook to answer the following questions:
First Occupants (circa 1500)
1. Trade networks:

How large were the trade networks?

What were the results of the trade networks?

2. What were the main economic activities of the first occupants?

3. The first occupants traded shells, corn, caribou meat. What was their economy based on?

4. The Basque and Normans were some of the first groups to arrive in early 16th century.

5. Why were they coming to the shores of the St.Lawrence?

6. How did the first meeting between the Aboriginal people and Europeans occur?

7. What were the effects of the European Contact on the Territory?
French Regime (1608-1760)
Economy based on fur

8. What is mercantilism? How does it work?

9. What is the Triangular trade? (Explain how it works)

10. Name the agents of the fur trade and their roles.

11. Was fur the main export product in mid-18th century?

12. What were the effects on the organization of society? (Think of the relations with the

first occupants and the goods that were traded).

13. What were the effects on Territory? (settlement, territorial expansion, commercial

rivalry)
Agriculture

14. What was the economic activity in which most inhabitants of New France were involved?

15. Where was the agricultural surplus sent to?

16. What were some of the processing activities that were taking place? (eg: manufacturing

canvas)

17. What were the effects on the territory?


Craft activities

18. Name some craft activities that developed or that took place in the colony. (min. 5)

19. What were the effects on of the craft activities on the territory?
Attempts at economic diversification

20. Jean Talon took measures to diversify the economy. What were some of these measures?

21. What were the measures that Begon and Hocquart (later intendants) introduced ?

22. What were some of the main obstacles to the diversification of the economy?


British Regime
Economy based on fur

23. Name the two main fur trading companies and state where they were located.

24. What were the effects of the transfer of the fur trade to the British?

25. What were the main territories for the supply and trade of fur?

26. What was the decline of fur trade caused by?

27. What were the effects of decline of fur trade?


Economy based on timber

Replaces fur as main export of Lower Canada around 1810

28. Who is the main investor (capital $) and target market of the timber trade?

29. What were three main factors of development of the timber industry?

30. What groups made up the majority of the workforce?

31. What were some of the trades in the timber industry?

32. Name some products of the timber trade. (min 2)

33. Name two places associated with the timber trade? port of Qc, forest regions

34. Banks are created as a result of the expanding economy. What are the advantages of having this financial institution?

35. What are the effects on social groups in Lower Canada?

36. What is the effect on the population (individuals)?
Agriculture
37. What were the main crops in early 19th century? wheat, oats, potatoes

38. What were the target markets for agriculture?

39. A decline in wheat production occurred in the 1830s.

40. In the 1830s, there is an overpopulation on agricultural land, soil exhaustion in the seigneurial zone. What is the solution found by farmers?

41. What are some of the transportation development in first half of 19th century? What advantages did these developments have?

42. What is the protectionist policy (protectionism)?

43. What was the effect of protectionism on the timber trade?

44. What is free trade? How does it affect the economy when it is put into effect?



Contemporary Period / Today
Today



  • Main natural resources in Quebec: water forests, ore

  • Quebec’s main imports: hydrocarbons, motor vehicles

  • Quebec’s main exports: aluminium, airplanes

  • Areas in which Quebec has internationally recognized expertise: aeronautics, dam construction, performing arts


First Phase of Industrialization (late 19th century)
45. Name some of the resources exploited during this time period.

46.What were some developments in agriculture at the time?

47. Name some characteristics of the First Phase of Industrialization:

48. What were some of the effects of the First Phase of Industrialization on society?

49. What were some of the effects of the First Phase of Industrialization effects on territory?

50. Describe the urban landscape.

51. Describe the living conditions in the late 19th century

52. Describe the working conditions during the First Phase of Industrialization.

53. Why are unions created?
Second Phase of Industrialization (early 20th century)
54. What are the resources exploited during the Second Phase of Industrialization?

55. What is one of the main developments in agriculture at the time?

56. Name some characteristics of the Second Phase of Industrialization.

57. What were some of the effects on society?

58. Urbanization led to what developments?

59. Why were Catholic Unions created?

60. What were the main demands on unions during the Second Phase of Industrialization?

mid – late 20th century
1939-1945: WWII

61. What were some of the factors that helped to the industrial development at the time?

62. What were the effects that the war industry had on industrial production?
1945-1960:

63. What developments took place in agriculture during this period?

64. Name some facts about the industrial development. (min 2)

65. What are some factors of development to the industrial development?

66. What were some of the effects on society?

67. What effect did the changes of this period have on the territory?

68. What were the demands of Unions at this time?
1960-1980:

69.What developments took place in agriculture during this period?

70. Name some facts about the economic development at this time (min 2)

71. What are some factors that contributed to the economic development? (name at least two examples).

72. What were the effects of economic development on the territory?

73. What were some of the main Union demands at this time?


post-1980:

74.What developments took place in agriculture during this period?

75. Name some facts about the economic development at this time (min 2)

76. What are some factors that contributed to the economic development? (name at least two examples).

77. Globalization leads to worldwide competition. What are the effects of economic globalization on society?

78. What are the Union demands of workers at this time?






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