The decisive battle of the First English Civil War. The Royalists, under King Charles I, clashed with the Parliamentarians, led by Sir Thomas Fairfax and Oliver Cromwell. The Royalists were thoroughly defeated by the disciplined New Model Army. More than 1,000 Royalists were killed and around 6,000 captured.
Blenheim (War of the Spanish Succession)
13 August 1704
Blenheim, Bavaria (in modern-day Germany)
Fought between a Grand Alliance and the French-Bavarian Army. Blenheim has gone down in history as one of the turning points of the War of the Spanish Succession. The overwhelming Allied victory ensured the safety of Vienna from the Franco-Bavarian army, thus preventing the collapse of the Grand Alliance. Allied casualties were 4,500 killed and 7,500 wounded, whereas the enemy suffered losses of 38,600 killed, wounded or taken prisoner. It destroyed the myth of French invincibility.