Cameron Stephens Professor Kathy Rowley

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Cameron Stephens
Professor Kathy Rowley
English 200
26 February 2012
Latin American Immigration: An Annotated Bibliography
Canales, Alejandro I. and Carlos Perez. "Inclusion and Segregation: The Incorporation of Latin American Immigrants into the U.S. Labor Market." Latin American Perspectives (2007): 73-82. Web. 22 Jan. 2012. Retrieved from
Canales and Perez’s article outlines the segregation and differentiation of Latin American immigrants in the U.S. labor market. They provide statistical data showing the average annual income by the immigration status (native-born or immigrant) and occupation. The article derives two perspectives from the data gathered: Latin Americans with the same training as U.S. workers still tend to be relegated to jobs with less skill and more vulnerability, and Latin Americans receive less compensation than the standard U.S. worker even when they have the same job.
This article provides great insight and concrete data that supports the idea that Latin American Immigrants are not treated fairly in the labor market. Overall, this is a good source that will help show the effect of segregation in the labor market economically, specifically dealing with Latin American Immigrants which is the overall focus of this paper.

Casas, J. Manuel and Ana P. Cabrera. "Latino/a Immigration: Actions and Outcomes Based on Perceptions and Emotions or Facts?" Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences (2011): 283-303. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. Retrieved from

This article discusses how the increase in Latin American immigrants combined with the economic situation and rising negative connotations towards immigrants is affecting the anti-immigration policies. Casas and Cabrera specifically point to the effects that these things have on the psychological and social health of Latino immigrants. The article throughout tries to separate some of the perceptions above from reality as well as facts from fiction, regarding Latino immigrants. It also provides recommendations that advocate for a better treatment of Latin American immigrants.
Casas and Cabrera provide a good perspective of the psychological and social aspects of Latin American immigrants and how they are affected due to the negative attitude associated with the rising of immigration. It is a great source for showing not only the psychological but the social characteristics of Latino immigrants and how they are affected.
Flores, Nadia Y. "Assessing Human Capital Transferability into the U.S. Labor Market among Latino Immigrants to the United States." The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (2010): 196-204. Web. 19 Jan. 2012. Retrieved from
Flores' article discusses the ability for Latin Americans to transfer the education they received prior to immigrating and apply it to the U.S. labor market. The author examines specifically Guatemalans, Mexicans, Costa Ricans, and Nicaraguans. Results show differences between countries in the ability of immigrants to translate their previous education into occupations.
Overall, this article provides good insight into the educational selectivity between Latin American countries and their immigrants. It shows statistically that the odds for a more skilled job are greater for those who not have a legal work visa, but more education as well. The purpose of this article for the topic of Latin Immigration would be to show how the deficiency in education in Latin Immigrants result in lower paid occupations.
"Immigration, n.". OED Online. December 2011. Oxford University Press. Web. 20 January 2012. Retrieved from

"The action of immigrating; entrance into a country for the purpose of settling there."

Kemper, Robert V. "Searching for Work, Striving for Justice: New Perspectives on Latin American Migrations to the United States." European Review of Latin American and Caribbean

Studies (2008): 121-132. Web. 21 Jan. 2012. Retrieved from
Kemper's essay is a review of five books that chronicle the migration of Latin Americans into the United States. The author discusses the journey to the U.S. through the view from the immigrant through other books. He also looks at the Mexican border enforcement policies and discusses their effects.
This article by Kemper would be a good source for someone trying to show what migration looked like in years before and from the perspecitve of immgrants. Also it provides insight into the effect of border enforcement , which would be helpful for showing what exactly the U.S. is doing and whether or not is succeeding or failing in keeping illegal immigrants out.
Saenz, Rogelio and Karen Douglas. "The Economic Benefit of Domestica Employment: The case of Mexicans in the United States." Journal of Latino-Latin American Studies (2009): 98-114.

Web. 20 Jan. 2012. Retrieved from
In this article, Saenz and Douglas discuss the scope of which Mexican immigrant husbands’ increased economic benefits from their wives' employment as housewives. Data collected supports this notion that there are no significant differences in hourly wages between Mexican housewives and those who are not. However the article shows that Mexican housewives have higher hourly wages where there is a greater presence of Mexicans.
Saenz and Douglas's article is a good article for showing the opportunities as far as employment for Latin American immigrants and how the income compares with female Mexican housewives and those who are not. It's application for this paper would be to show economic activity among the Latin American community, particularly dealing with immigrants.

Shobe, Marcia A., Maren J. Coffman and Jacek Dmochowksi. "Acheiving the American Dream:

Facilitators and Barriers to Health and Mental Health for Latino Immigrants." Journal of

Evidence-Based Social Work (2009): 92-110. Web. 22 Jan. 2012. Retrieved from
The article by Shobe, Coffman, and Dmochowski takes a look at the associations with human capital, social capital, financial capital, and health among Latin American immigrants who came to the U.S. within the last 15 years, dealing with the period from 1990-2005). It also delves into the barriers to human, social and financial development regarding Latino immigrants. Studies were done regarding capitals stated above, and the data including in this article supports the authors statement that capital is significantly associated with functional status and depression.
This article provides clear, concise data regarding some of the barriers that Latin American immigrants face when they migrate to the United States. Shobe, Coffman, and Dmochowski do an excellent job of organizing what they are trying to show with their data, and the data is easily understandable. The purpose of this paper would be excellent for a paper regarding Latin American immigration as it shows the different aspects immigrants must face when they leave their own country of the United States.
Tobar, Hector. "Americanismo: City of Peasants." Greene, Stuart and April Lidinsky. From Inquiry to Academic Writing. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2008. 533-547. Print.
This is the article that involves the topic of this essay. The story is about Tobar and his expriences being an immgrant, coming from South America to the United States. He talks about the struggle his parents went through and how they held on what they knew back in South America, yet tried to seem like the typical "American." Tobar eloquently writes his encounters and life experiences. He describes that he had finally come to terms with being a Guatemalan immigrant and a U.S. citizen.
Zlolniski, Christian. "Confronting the Risks of Undocumented Migration on the U.S.-Mexican Border and Beyond." Latin American Reseach Review (2011): 251-258. Web. 19 Jan. 2012. Retrieved from
Zlolnisksi’s article is a review of: “The World of Mexican Migrants: The Rock and the Hard Place,” by Judith Adler Hellman, “'I Know It's Dangerous': Why Mexicans Risk Their Lives to Cross the Border,” by Lynnaire M. Sheridan, and “Clandestine Crossings:Migrants and Coyotes on the Texas-Mexico Border,” by David Spener. Each of these books discusses why Mexicans risk migrating to the United States illegally and how they go about doing so. Zlolniski basically goes through each book’s main points and discusses his opinion and thoughts.
This article is ideal because it adds why these people choose to essentially risk their entire lives in search for something better. It outlines these different books and explains the mindset of a Latin American, particularly Mexican, and why they choose to immigrate illegally.

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