→The old ladyhas eight cats. The first one (that reaches 到達the end終點)will get an award獎.
→The first onewill get an award.
People 1 who choose to take a train to cross the English Channel may expect期望 to see an underwater world where fish are swimming all around到處. The reality事實 is that passengers旅客 cannot see anything but除了 the deep gray walls of the tunnel. What’s worse, the Channel Tunnel is quite long. People, 2 who are surrounded圍繞by darkness, have to stay in the train for 20 minutes. All they can do is watch the unchanging沒變化的 “scenery” 風景outside the window. The trip is even longer if you cross橫越 the Tsugaru Straits through the Seikan Tunnel, 3 which links the Japanese islands, Honshu and Hokkaido. But the Japanese have tried to make that underwater trip less較少 boring. They built two stations inside the Seikan Tunnel where passengers can get off下車 and visit the two museums 4 that were set up設立to show people the history of the tunnel. (set set set setting)
People 1 may expect to see an underwater world where fish are swimming all around. The reality is that passengers cannot see anything but the deep gray walls of the tunnel. What’s worse, the Channel Tunnel is quite long. People, 2 , have to stay in the train for 20 minutes. All they can do is watch the unchanged “scenery” outside the window. The trip is even longer if you cross the Tsugaru津輕 Straits through the Seikan青函 Tunnel, 3 . But the Japanese have tried to make that underwater trip less boring. They built two stations inside the Seikan Tunnel where passengers can get off and visit the two museums 4 . Language Use
Examples The tunnel is underwater. An accident inside could be a disaster. →Since the tunnel is underwater, an accident inside could be a disaster.
This smaller tunnel can be used to get people out. There is an accident. →This smaller tunnel can be used to get people out if there is an accident.
The Channel Tunnel opened in 1994. Almost 13,000 people had worked on the project. →By the time the Channel Tunnel opened in 1994, almost 13,000 people had worked on the project.
after when by the time if because although
1England and France decided to link their countries with a tunnel under the Channel. Engineers were faced with a huge challenge. They had to build one of the longest tunnels in the world. 2They also had to make people believe that passengers would be safe in such a long and deep tunnel. Tunnel fires were common at that time. The Channel Tunnel actually includes three tunnels. In between the two train tunnels is a smaller tunnel that serves as an escape route. 3The tunnel opened in 1994. In 1995 this design設計was put to the test. A fire broke out in a train coming from France, and thirty-one people were trapped. The design worked. Everyone was able to escape through the emergency tunnel.
3. One year after the tunnel opened, this design was put to the test in 1995.
In 1995, one year after the tunnel opened, this design was put to the test.
After the tunnel opened in 1994, this design was put to the test in 1995.
1 .They had to build one of the longest tunnels in the world. 2 . The Channel Tunnel actually includes three tunnels. In between the two train tunnels is a smaller tunnel that serves as an escape route. 3 . A fire broke out in a train coming from France, and thirty-one people were trapped. The design worked. Everyone was able to escape through the emergency tunnel.
I. Listen and repeat the following words that contain the /p/or /t/ sound or the /sp/ or /st/ cluster.
/p/ /sp/ /t/ /st/
pin spin top stop
pace space tick stick
park spark treat street
peach speech truck struck
pot spot tile style
II. Listen and repeat the following words that contain the /k/sound or the /sk/ cluster.
/k/ /sk/ /k/ /sk/
key ski cool school
kin skin cream scream
cold scold kill skill Proverb
Rome was not built in a day.
Workbook Unit 8 Channel Tunnel 文意字彙：根據文意,選出適當的字,填入下列各句,並注意變化。
[The number of computer users has _____ a lot in the last decade十年. More and more people are getting used to習慣learning about the world by computer. As the fifth longest tunnel in the world, the Hsuehshan Tunnel(雪山隧道)was never an easy _____.
Much of the ShinTen Line is underground, with trains traveling through a _____.
The sign告示 warns警告 of falling 掉落_____.
Due to由於carelessness of the gatekeeper守門人, a tiger ______ from a cage籠子.
Climbing爬up to the top of Mt. Jade is a _____ for me, but I’ll manage安排；設法 to make it做到.
The rock is too太huge to而不be ______ barehanded徒手; we need some machine.
The English ______ separates分開 England and the European Continent陸塊.
Several outstanding傑出的 _____ worked on the design設計 of Taipei 101 Tower塔.
Is your place on a bus ____? Which stop should I get off?下車
1. The two villages村落 are linked a bridge. Villagers村民 can use the bridge to travel fromone village tothe other.
2. How to reach a balance平衡 between economic經濟 development發展 and environmental環境的 protection保護 has always been a challenge _____ many countries.
3. Two of the tunnels are used trains, while the third one is used people in case of如果發生an accident.
4. The 911 Torrential洶湧的；奔流的 Rain increased增加 the amount 量of the water in Shihmen Reservoir (石門水庫) around大約 ten million tons.
5. More than one thousand workers worked the project.
6. The amounts量traffic交通 in almost all the cities are increasing each year.
7. 2004 when the Hsuehshan Tunnel was open, 11 workers had died at work.
8. Since the Hsuehshan Tunnel is open, it takes only 30 minutes to travel from Taipei to Ilan the tunnel.
9. As the whole team worked side by side, the cleaning job was finished ________ just one hour. III. 翻譯 英倫海底隧道實際上是三條隧道並排。
The Channel Tunnel is three tunnels . 兩條是給火車走的。
Two of are trains. 中間還有一條比較小的是給鐵路工人用的。
In these two tunnels a smaller tunnel, is used railroad workers. 英倫隧道是由兩隊工人分別從英倫海峽的兩邊開始挖鑿所建造而成。
The Channel Tunnel was built by two of workers from both sides of the Channel. 兩隊比賽誰先挖到隧道的中間點。
Both teams to the middle of the tunnel first. 英國那隊贏了
. IV. 克漏字：請根據上下文，選出最適當的答案。
For two centuries, England and France wanted to link their countries with a train tunnel. The tunnel would have to be 50 kilometers 1 – one of the longest tunnels in the world. But 2 , it would have to be safe. 3 much of the tunnel would be underwater, an accident inside could be a 4 . The construction was started in 1987, with two teams of workers 5 from both sides of the Channel. They used huge machines, which 6 “borers.” The amount of rock and dirt 7 increased the size of Britain by thirty-six hectares. By the time the Channel Tunnel opened in 1994, nearly 13,000 people 8 on the project. Today, trains travel through the tunnel 9 160 kilometers an hour. It becomes possible to get from one end to 10 in just twenty minutes.
1. (A) deep (B) depth (C) long (D) length
2. (A) important (B) importantly (C) more important (D) more importantly
This subway is about 7 meters in . c. deep深的 d.depth深度
On the road lay躺 a dog ( over by a car). run over輾 (lie lay lain lying躺) (lie lied lied lying說謊)
The first one (that is reaching the end終點) will get an award.獎項
O’Neal is taller than Iverson 33 centimeters.
1. Rome III. IV.
If you travel in space and look down on the earth, the Great Wall of China is the only one man-made structure that you can see. It is the and also the oldest structure on earth. The Great Wall was actually a series of separate walls that across northern China. In 221 BC, Chin Shihuang began to these separate walls into one long wall. He extended it to a 4 of 1,900 5 . In the following centries, the wall was extended until it 6 more than 3,000 kilometers. Today, the Great Wall is about 2,400 kilometers long. It is five to eight meters wide and five to nine meters 7 . Originally原始地, the Great Wall 8 for miliary purpose目的. Soldiers士兵 could see the enemy敵人9 from far away on the high watchtowers瞭望塔 of the walls. They sent signals訊號 to each other彼此10 using smoke during the daytime and fire at night.
1. a series of 一系列
8. purpose目的/ watchtower/ signal信號 long / length/ lengthen加長
wide/ width/ widen
deep / depth/ deepen
high/ height/ heighten Round 12 (L7-8)
Round 13( L1-8)
8. The clerk is cleaning the shelf架 and the books in a new way.
9. It was a big for me when I began college because it was the first time I was away from home.