By Susan Steider & Mallory Grams Table of Contents

The Renaissance, Reformation & Age of Exploration

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The Renaissance, Reformation & Age of Exploration


FRQ: How did the Humanism, expansion of trade, and the political changes effect European life, in the fourteen hundreds?
When people think about European history they don’t really see the extent of what changed, socially and politically in the 1400’s. throughout early the changes consisted of politics, free trade, and humanism. in the 1400’s there were many different ideas that came about that helped form the Europe we know today.
A big aspect that arose in the 1400’s was the uproar of Humanism, which is the study of why humans do the things they do. This logic gave the European people more understanding of relationships, society and how it works, and steered the people away from the idea of every man for him self, which was known as individualism. Europe started realizing that they could all work together to make something nigger and better and eventually make more profit. Humanism was a big starter for man things to come in the social and political side of things.
Humanism was the push that the people needed to discover the new idea of free trade. When they actually discover the concept that they could trade their goods for the ones that they couldn’t grow or male, due to the climate or the talent; it was a phenomenon in its self. Things like sugar and cotton and other such stuff were apart of this discovery. The European people started forming relationships and allies with the surrounding countries. This was the beginning of many changes to come; it opened up a whole new world.
The political aspect was the uniting of the different political powers. Most of these unifications either started or ended in a war, but that’s a different story.

Throughout the years the kings and emperors of this eastern world made peace agreements based on marriages that would unite the families. Although they still did that in later years, it was becoming easier to annul the marriages and therefore breaking the agreement. They needed to come up with something else. A lot of times they would sign treaties, like the Peace of Augsburg, which was signed in 1555. This treaty ended the religious struggle f the thirty years wars. Europeans found new ways of unifying countries in the political point of view.

People like John Wycliff and Martin Luther were big influences on the European people. Whether it is the teachings of god or the teachings of Humanism. All of these things brought about a political and economic change in how Europe was run. The idea that people could stray away from not being able o think for themselves but that they had the freedom to do what they wanted. Things like putting out system or the cottage industry. All ideas designed for the independent individual of the fifteenth century. A lot of the traditions and economic parts of Europe that were used then, are still the ideas and thoughts of those of us today. Especially when it comes to Humanism, politics, and trade. Europe still has those values in mind.

This one received a 4 because it was not clear on its topic but did address all parts of the question SCORE 4 /9


Chapter Two

Development of Monarchies


Religious Wars

Chapter Two-European History

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