By Susan Steider & Mallory Grams Table of Contents


This Essay received a 7 because although it was a well-written essay and organized it lacked a proper thesis statement. Score: 7 /



Download 5.09 Mb.
Page38/47
Date27.06.2021
Size5.09 Mb.
1   ...   34   35   36   37   38   39   40   41   ...   47
This Essay received a 7 because although it was a well-written essay and organized it lacked a proper thesis statement. Score: 7 /9

85.
Chapter Ten

Intellectual

And


Cultural History: 1450-1700


Chapter ten: European History



Cultural and Intellectual History 1450-1700

86


CHAPTER TEN IMPORTANT TERMS AND CONCEPTS

Michelangelo



  • Time: March 6, 1475-February 18, 1564

  • What: an artist

  • Importance: He did a couple major works of art including The David. When that sculpture was finished, it was very controversial. The David is the reason that Michelangelo is famous.

Giorgione



  • Time: 1477-1510

  • What: Italian Painter

  • Importance: He is known for a quality of work that is very poetic. He had about six paintings.

Botticelli



  • Time: March 1, 1445-May 17, 1510

  • What: Italian painter

  • Importance: He had many works of art, but two of the most well-known are The Birth Of Venus and La Primavera. He was a painter at the Florentine School during the early renaissance.

Castiglione



  • Time: December 6, 1478 – February 2, 1529

  • What: Renaissance artist

  • Importance: Had a book that was of importance called The Courtier. The book talks about a world that has been over refined, wealthy and a select amount of the elite.

Cosimo de’ Medici



  • Time: ruled Florence from 1434-1464

  • What: part of a banking family

  • Importance: He collected ancient manuscripts. His family was very influential and wealthy. Ruler of Florence for about 30 years and made a big impact.

Machiavelli



  • Time: 1469-1527

  • What: an active diplomat in Florence, also a humanist

  • Importance: He wrote a treatise on politics called The Prince. His book is sometimes called the first purely secular political study. He thought the power of the church needed restrictions.

Copernicus



  • Time: 1473-1547

  • What: Polish Astronomer

  • Importance: First to come up with and believe in a heliocentric universe, which is a lot different than anything anyone else thought of. It also went against the church’s belief that everything revolved around the earth. Heliocentric is that the sun is in the center and everything revolves around it. Also, it is correct.

Bernini


  • Time: December 7, 1598 – November 28, 1680

  • What: he was a sculpture

  • Importance: One of his famous works is David, and in it is a lot of fine detail. Another one of his works is Saint Teresa in Ecstasy.

Caravaggio



  • Time: September 29, 1571 – July 18, 1610

  • What: He was an artist

  • Importance: He helped lay the foundations for the Baroque style. He had some very dramatic pieces. He explored the darker aspects of life and death.

Sir Thomas More



  • Time: February 7, 1478-July 6, 1535

  • What: He was an English Lawyer, author and statesman.

  • Importance: He had the reputation of being a leading humanist scholar. He wrote the book, Utopia about what the perfect life would be like.

Mannerism



  • Time: 1520-1600

  • What: signifies a time period

  • Importance: There was severe intellectual, cultural and psychological pressure during these years. Not many new artists in this time but there was what some would call a mood change in the artists.

Fugue


  • Time: 17th century

  • What: a type of music composition

  • Importance: It is a fully developed counterpoint procedure. It usually opens with a main theme then goes into episodes. It ends with the final entry.

Humanism


  • Time: 15th and 16th century

  • What: a belief of many people, that was started in this time

  • Importance: There were two people in this time that believe in it, Machiavelli and Erasmus. It is basically about the worth of people. That is determined by the ability to say what is right and wrong.

The Reformation



  • Time: started in 1517

  • What: started when the 95 theses were put on the church door by Martin Luther

  • Importance: Many new ideas challenged the beliefs of the church and what everyone believed in. Martin Luther was a major person in this time along with John Calvin.

Baroque


  • Time: mid 1500’s to mid 1700’s

  • What: a time period

  • Importance: A major time in art. New concepts were started and used widely. For example, light, shading, movement, and emotionalism was used frequently. There were many artists during this time also.


The Praise of Folly

  • Time: first printed in 1511

  • What: a book by Erasmus

  • Importance: It is sometimes considered one of the most influential pieces of literature from the time.

Petition of Right



  • Time: 1628

  • What: actually began in the 1627 session of parliament

  • Importance: Addressed many points that affected everyone. Some of the things addressed were taxes, loans, arrests, marital laws, and property rights.

Indulgences



  • Time: 1517

  • What: It has to do with sins that have already been forgiven. It is given after a confession of a sin , but you have to pay for it.

  • Importance: Martin Luther was against them. He saw selling them as a way for the church to make more money and that they didn’t actually do anything.


Utopia

  • Time: 1516

  • What: a book written by Sir Thomas More

  • Importance: It explained a perfect life and what it would be like. It is a island society and it talks about the religious, political and social customs.

Spotlighting



  • Time: Baroque period

  • What: used of light to add interest to the art

  • Importance: It was used in many pieces of art and by a couple of different artists. They all use it in their own way but that makes the painting more interesting. More drama is added to art using the technique.


Chapter ten: European History






Share with your friends:
1   ...   34   35   36   37   38   39   40   41   ...   47




The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2020
send message

    Main page