By Susan Steider & Mallory Grams Table of Contents



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40.



Chapter Five
The Nineteenth Century: Isms

And


Revolutions

Chapter five: European History



The Nineteenth Century:

Isms and Revolutions

41.


CHAPTER FIVE IMPORTANT TERMS AND CONCEPTS
Metternich

  • Time: 1773-1859

  • What: Austrian Foreign Minister

  • Importance: He was the leader in conservatism, started the Carlsbad decrees. He was a major player in the Congress of Vienna after the fall of Napoleon

Talleyrand


Napoleon III of France



  • Time: 1808-1873

  • What: President of France

  • Importance: He was first president and emperor of the French Republic

Louis Phillipe


Giuseppe Mazzini



  • Time: 1805-1872

  • What: He was a revolutionist and known as a patriot

  • Importance: he was an ionic leader in the revolutions

Karl Marx



  • Time: 1818-1883

  • What: he is known as the “father” of communism

  • Importance: he was very important icon for communism, he is best known for writing the Communist Manifesto.

42.


Friedrich Engels

  • Time: 1820-1895

  • What: He was a German Socialist

  • Importance:

Bismarck


  • Time: 1815-1898

  • What: He was the statesman for Germany and Prussia

  • Importance: He was a very important person in the unification of Germany; and was Prussia’s prime minister

Jeremy Bentham



  • Time: 1748-1832

  • What: He was a Philosopher

  • Importance: He was the founder of Utilitarianism

JS Mill


Liberalism



  • Time: 1689

  • What: He a theory of Individuality and freedom, developed by John Lock

  • Importance: It was the thought behind many of the political parties throughout history; the Bourgeoisie and many other revolutionaries

Conservatism



  • Time: possibly starting in the 1600’s

  • What: A way of thinking that is more conservative then other ways of thinking

  • Importance: It was the other side to thinking like liberalism, this idea was more about firm morals and more toward government control

Socialism



  • Time: started in the late 18th century

  • What: the idea that the government has a collective authority over goods and production of a certain country

  • Importance: I was a common practice during the 19th century

43.

Utopian Socialism


  • Time: mid 19th century

  • What: the idea of creating a perfect socialistic and communistic world

  • Importance: was developed by Karl Marx in his Communist Manifesto and serves the basic principles for modern socialism

Marxism


  • Time: 19th century

  • What: another idea of Karl Marx, another name is scientific socialism

  • Importance: it was the first version of socialism

Nationalism



  • Time: all throughout history

  • What: a community of people proud of there nation

  • Importance: it was the main ISM in the 19th century, there was extreme Nationalism

Feminism


  • Time: starting in the 1600’s

  • What: the Idea that women should have equal rights through all aspects of life

  • Importance: it was a large movement in the 19th century and paved the way for the freedom of women into the 20th century

Frankfurt Assembly



  • Time: 1848

  • What: the meeting in which people where trying to unite Germany

  • Importance: this meeting paved the way for the German constitution in forming a united state.

Grand Alliance



  • Time: 1688-1697

  • What: was a European group, at points including Austria, Bavaria, Brandenburg, England, the Holy Roman Empire, Portugal, Savoy, Saxony, Spain, Sweden, and the United Provinces.

  • Importance: It was the main alliance through the revolutions to defeat France

44.


Social Darwinism

  • Time: early 1900’s late 1800’s

  • What: the extended version of Darwin’s theories

  • Importance: it was the new science of the 19th century it affected the way people thought.


Chapter five: European History






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