British officials believed they were justified in imposing new taxes on the colonies after the French and Indian War because

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Higher Level Multiple Choice Questions
Volume I
Chapter Three, The Greatest Revolution
1. British officials believed they were justified in imposing new taxes on the colonies after the French and Indian War because:

A. Americans had refused to offer military support during the war.

B. it was important to prove American dependence on Britain.

C. of their debts incurred in the war and the cost of defending the American colonies.

D. all new taxes would be internal taxes in the colonies.
2. Americans protested new taxes after the French and Indian War on the basis of what claim or claims?

A. Britain had forfeited the right to tax the colonies after losing the war to France.

B. Their claims to rights as Englishmen dating back to the Magna Carta.

C. The war had been won without British support, and thus the taxes were unjustified.

D. England was too far away to monitor how taxes were raised in the colonies.
3. The Declarations of the Stamp Act Congress of 1765 differed from the Declaration of Independence 11 years later in that:

A. The Stamp Act Declarations were never actually sent to Britain.

B. the Stamp Act Declarations stated that Americans were loyal to the King and the Parliament.

C. The Stamp Act Declarations did not discuss issues of taxation and representation.

D. The Stamp Act Declarations made no claims of specific rights.
4. As a result of British Salutary Neglect:

A. the colonies and Britain grew apart and became very different places that did not understand one another.

B. Britain showed little surprise when the colonies began to assert their “rights.”

C. the colonies demanded more British soldiers for their defense.

D. the colonies began to seek connections with the French crown.
5. Why did the British feel justified in issuing the Royal Proclamation of 1763?

A. They believed the colonists had yet to completely settle many areas east of the Appalachians.

B. The area beyond the Appalachians had been ceded to the French after the recent war.

C. Doing so would limit contact between settlers and Indians and decrease the chances of war.

D. The land beyond the Appalachians was believed to be too rough for agriculture.
6. John Adams defended the soldiers charged in the Boston Massacre because:

A. at the time he was still a confirmed Loyalist to the Crown.

B. he personally witnessed the event and believed them to be innocent.

C. one of the soldiers was married to his daughter.

D. he wanted to prove even the hated “Redcoats” could get a fair trial in Massachusetts.
7. Perhaps George Washington’s most important attribute as a General in the Revolution was:

A. his unwillingness to show mercy to the hated Hessians.

B. his willingness to personally lead his army into the Illinois country to defeat the British.

C. his judgment in refusing to burn towns or shoot collaborators, preventing further divisions within America.

D. his ability to win every key battle in which he led the American army.
8. Thomas Paine’s Common Sense was published at a critical time in that it helped convince American colonists that:

A. there was no turning back; the time had come to break with England.

B. the time had come to boycott the Townsend duties.

C. the revolution could be won without French support.

D. The Stamp Tax was an internal tax and was thus illegal.
9. The American victory at Saratoga was so important because:

A. it was after that victory that Cornwallis surrendered to Washington.

B. it convinced the French to officially recognize the America as an independent nation.

C. it gave Washington control of the southern colonies.

D. it led to Canadian support of American independence.
10. What did George Washington do that led King George III to declare if this were indeed true Washington would be the “greatest man on earth?”

A. He and his army retreated successfully from New York.

B. He shocked the Hessians troops in Trenton after crossing the Delaware.

C. He gave up all power at the end of the Revolution.

D. He personally led a cavalry charge that defeated the British at Yorktown.
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