Why? To isolate New England (Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island) where most Patriot Activity was happening.
How? Three British armies planned to meet in Albany, New York to seize the Hudson River valley.
Left New York, planned to move north along Hudson.
(Change of plans→ =Seize Philadelphia)
General St Ledger
Brought his forces south from the Mohawk Valley
with Mohawk chief Joseph Brant.
(Change of plans→ Retreat at Fort Stanwix.
Surrender to American General Benedict Arnold)
Marched from Canada with British, Iroquois, and Hessians
- Surrounded by Continental Army forces
- Continental forces attack until Burgoyne & men surrender.
=British defeat, American victory Bemis Heights, New York
Obstacle:Continental General Horatio Gates and his men build fortifications, block Burgoyne and attack with support from Benedict Arnold.
=British defeat, American victory
ALBANY, NEW YORK
British Southern Strategy (1778)
Why? Believed there were more Loyalists and slaves seeking freedom in the south that would support and fight with their army.
How? Take control of important strategic points within the southern colonies and gain more men.
Charles Town, South Carolina 1780