Britain, and to convey to them the sincere thanks of the foreign con



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HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. 161

Britain, and to convey to them the sincere thanks of the foreign con-


suls for the promptness and impartiality with which the ships of war
in port assisted the local authorities in putting an end to the disturb-
ance on the 12th instant, and praising the conduct of officers and men.

Copy of a circular of date February 13, 1874, addressed to the lega-


tion from the Hawaiian department for foreign affairs, informing of
the election of David Kalakaua, King of the Hawaiian Islands. Same
to the same, of date February 14, 1874, informing that His Majesty the
King had appointed, by the consent of the nobles, under the twenty-
second article of the constitution, his brother, his royal highness Prince
William Litt Leleiohoku, to be his successor to the throne after His
Majesty's decease.

Photographic likeness of King Kalakaua, and a biographical notice


of him. Born November 16, 1836; educated at royal school then in
charge of American missionaries; married December 19, 1863. Has
wife and several children living, neither of whom are in the line of the
succession to the throne.

Copies addressed by the legation to Commander Belknap, senior


officer present, commanding the U. S. S. Tuscarora off Honolulu. One
dated February 10, 1874, recommending the retention on board on the
12th instant (the day of election for King) the crews of the Tuscarora and
Portsmouth. Another dated February 16, 1874, conveying my grateful
acknowledgments and thanks to him and Commander Skerrett for
valuable, discreet, and efficient services performed by the United States
forces on the occasion of the riot in this town on the 12th instant, and
for their subsequent services. In this connection, I beg leave further
to say that the legation and all American citizens here are under deep
obligations to Commanders Belknap and Skerrett, their officers and en-
listed men and marines, composing the forces that were landed on the
12th instant, for suppressing the riot of that day and for services ren-
dered since in guarding the public buildings and preserving order.

The disposition and handling of the force were admirable, and I ob-


serve that officers and men were disposed to use no more violence while
suppressing the disturbance than was absolutely necessary to effect
the object, and their conduct is deserving of commendation for that as
well as in other respects.

At midnight of the 12th instant I received a note signed by King


Kalakaua, requesting my presence at the palace at 7 o'clock the ensu-
ing morning. On arrival there I found present His Majesty, Mr. Bishop,
minister of foreign affairs, Mr. Wodehouse, British commissioner, and
Mr. Ballieu, French commissioner.

Mr. Bishop stated that the object of the meeting was to ascertain


whether the representatives of the United States, Great Britain, and
France then present, respectively, recognized Kalakaua as sovereign
of the Hawaiian Kingdom. Each of said representatives replied in the
affirmative.

Mr. Bishop then informed us that the King would be sworn into office


and inaugurated on that day at 11 o'clock a. m., and he desired our
presence on the occasion. The ceremony being hastened as to time, on
account of the critical condition of affairs, the installation took place
as arranged.

At the request of Mr. Bishop, Mr. Wodehouse, and Mr. Ballieu, I


called the same morning on Queen Emma, and by authority of my col-
leagues and in my own capacity as minister resident of the United
States, as well as her friend, said to her that each member of the diplo-
matic corps had acknowledged David Kalakaua as the King of the
FR 94—app ii —— 11


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