(Incudings The Rules of Income Tax For The Assessment Year 2013-13) Income tax was introduced for the first time in British India in 1860 by Sir “James Wilson” in order to meet the losses suffered by the British government on account of the Firstwar of Indian Independence, which was fought by “Rani Jhansi and her associates” in 1857. Thereafter, several amendments were made in it from time to time. In short, it can be said that the period between 1860 to 1886 was a period of experiments in the context of income tax.
The First Income –tax Act was made in 1886. This Act remained in force upto 1917. It was amended and re-amended from time to time.
The Second Income-tax Act was made in 1918. It remained in force for only three years. It had the shortest life spam due to the break of World War- I.
The Third Income-tax Act was made in 1922. This Act remained in-force upto the Assessment Year1961-62. It was amended and re-amended from time to time. It became very complicated on account of large number of amendments. The Government of India therefore referred it to the Law Commissionin 1956 with a view to simplify and prevent the evasion of tax. The Law Commission submitted its report in September 1958. However, in the meantime the Government of India had appointed the Direct Taxes Administration Inquiry Committee to suggest measures to simplify the law and to prevent the evasion of tax. This committee submitted its report in 1959.
Finally the Fourth Income –tax Act 1961 was passed in consultation with the Ministry of Law. It was made applicable w.e.f 01-04-1962. it extends to whole of India including the states of Jammu & Kashmeer & Sikkim. The Act was made applicable on Sikkim w.e.f 01-04-1990. it is a direct and personal tax.