Boles U. S. History 2nd Semester Review Answers

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Superior Generals

Lincoln’s leadership

Motivation to fight

Higher population

Fight on home territory

Industrial Power (more factories)

Skilled soldiers

Greater wealth

More railroads

U.S. Navy (blockade)

  1. President of the United States during the Civil War; wrote the Emancipation Proclamation.

  2. Became the commanding general of all Union forces during the war.

  3. President of the Confederate States of America.

  4. Commander of the Confederate army during the war.

  5. The battle was a Union victory and gave Lincoln the opportunity to pass the Emancipation Proclamation.

  6. It freed all slaves in “states of rebellion.”

  7. Battle of Vicksburg

  8. Battle of Gettysburg

  9. Over 50,000 casualties

  10. Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia

  11. Lincoln Assassination: April 15, 1865 – Ford’s Theater, Washington D.C. – by John Wilkes Booth

  12. Andrew Johnson

  13. Reconstruction

  14. Republicans in Congress who wanted to punish the South after the Civil War

  15. An organization that helped newly freed slaves. They built schools, provided food and clothing, and helped former slaves find family members.

  16. Black codes were laws passed by southern states that limited the rights of newly freed African Americans. They were enforced in many places by the Ku Klux Klan.


  1. Freedom of speech, religion, press, petition, assembly

  2. Right to bear arms

  3. No quartering of troops

  4. No unreasonable searches and seizures

  5. Due process of law (fair treatment for everyone)

  6. Right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury

  7. Right to a jury trial in civil cases

  8. No excessive bail or fines; no cruel or unusual punishment

  9. Individual Rights – all rights granted by the Constitution shall not be denied

  10. Federalism – powers not granted to the federal government are decided by the individual states

  1. Slavery or involuntary servitude shall not exist except as punishment for a crime

  2. All citizens of the United States shall be treated equally by the law

  3. The right to vote shall not be denied because of race or previous condition of servitude

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