Boles U. S. History 2nd Semester Review Answers
Motivation to fight
on home territory
Industrial Power (more factories)
U.S. Navy (blockade)
President of the United
States during the Civil War
; wrote the Emancipation Proclamation.
Became the commanding general of all Union forces during the war.
President of the Confederate States of America.
Commander of the Confederate army during the war.
The battle was a Union victory and gave Lincoln the opportunity to pass the Emancipation Proclamation.
It freed all slaves in “states of rebellion.”
Battle of Vicksburg
Battle of Gettysburg
Over 50,000 casualties
Lincoln Assassination: April 15, 1865 – Ford’s Theater, Washington D.C. – by John Wilkes Booth
Republicans in Congress who wanted to punish the
South after the Civil War
An organization that helped newly freed slaves. They built schools, provided food and clothing, and helped former slaves find family members.
Black codes were laws passed by southern states that limited the rights of newly freed African Americans. They were enforced in many places by the Ku Klux Klan.
Freedom of speech,
, press, petition, assembly
Right to bear arms
quartering of troops
No unreasonable searches and seizures
Due process of law (fair treatment for everyone)
Right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury
Right to a jury trial in civil cases
excessive bail or fines
; no cruel or unusual punishment
Individual Rights – all rights granted by the Constitution shall not be denied
Federalism – powers not granted to the federal government are decided by the individual states
Slavery or involuntary servitude shall not exist except
as punishment for a crime
All citizens of the United States shall be treated equally by the law
The right to vote shall not be denied because of race or previous condition of servitude
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