{bml ny3infop shg} {bmc 3nic nyp shg} Nickname

Download 109.06 Kb.
Size109.06 Kb.
!1 #2$3 {bml nyp.shg}

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{bmc 3nic_nyp.shg} Nickname

{bmc 3pop_nyp.shg} Population

{bmc 3brd_nyp.shg} State Bird

{bmc 3flw_nyp.shg} State Flower

{bmc 3tre_nyp.shg} State Tree

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State Capital

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Pop. (1986 est.) 17,772,000, a 1.2% increase over 1980 pop.

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Highest Point

Mt. Marcy, 5,344 ft (1,630 m).

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Lowest Point

Sea level.

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{ewl MVDIB12, MVDIB12, !NY_NICKP.BMP}Empire State

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State Bird

{ewl MVDIB12, MVDIB12, !NY_BIRDP.BMP}Eastern Bluebird

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State Flower

{ewl MVDIB12, MVDIB12, !NY_FLOWP.BMP}Wild Rose

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State Tree

{ewl MVDIB12, MVDIB12, !NY_TREEP.BMP}Sugar Maple

!39 #40$41K42 K43 +44 {bml ny3histp.shg}
{ewr MVDIB12, MVDIB12, !NY_HISTP.BMP}Present-day New York was inhabited by Indian tribes, including the Mohegan and the Iroquois, whose six tribes united (c.1570) in the Iroquois Confederacy. Early explorers included Giovanni da Verrazano (1524) and Henry Hudson (1609). The Dutch founded New Amsterdam on the lower tip of Manhattan Island in 1624. The British took the region in the Second Dutch War (1664-67) and held New York, with its busy shipping and fishing fleets and expanding farms, until the colony declared (1776) its independence. About one-third of the engagements of the American Revolution took place in the state, including the key defeat of the British in the Saratoga Campaign (1777). From the 1780s commerce increased, aided by the opening (1825) of the Erie Canal. Industries, beginning with textiles, also expanded. This commercial and economic growth marked the turn away from the old, primarily agricultural economy. New York was a center of numerous 19th-century reform movements, including abolitionism and woman suffrage. The 1840s marked the beginning of the huge waves of European immigration that continued throughout the century, with many immigrants settling in New York City. The state's governorship has been a fertile proving ground for many 20th-century leaders of national prominence, including Alfred E. Smith, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Thomas E. Dewey, and Nelson A. Rockefeller. New York's post-World War II shift in population from the cities to the suburbs was accompanied by the departure of many businesses to outlying areas, a trend that continued into the 1980s.

!45 #46$47K48 K49 +50 {bml ny3landp.shg}
New York, mid-Atlantic state of the U.S.; bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of Ontario (NW), and the province of Quebec (N).
Area, 49,576 sq mi (128,402 sq km).
A great valley, formed by Lakes Champlain and George and the Hudson River, traverses the state north to south. To the west of the lakes are the wild and rugged Adirondack Mountains. Most of the southern part of the state is part of the Allegheny plateau, which rises in the southwest to the Catskill Mountains. Winters may vary from cold, with heavy snow, along Lakes Erie and Ontario, to mild or moderate in the southeastern coastal area; summers are generally hot, except in the Adirondacks. Nearly 90% of the population lives in metropolitan areas. New York City is the largest city in the U.S. and is the nation's leading financial and cultural center. Other major cities are Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, and Albany. New York, which ranks second only to California in population, in 1984 was 82% white, 18% black and others.

!51 #52$53K54 K55 +56 {bml ny3econp.shg}
{ewr MVDIB12, MVDIB12, !NY_ECONP.BMP}New York follows first-ranked California in value of industrial output. The leading industries are printing and publishing, and the production of instruments, nonelectrical machinery, processed foods, apparel, and electrical equipment. New York is a fertile agricultural state: it ranks second in the country in output of apples; is among the largest producers of dairy cows and products; and grows grapes (for its wine industry), greenhouse products, hay, corn, potatoes, and many other crops. Mineral resources include emery, garnet, salt, talc, and silver. Year-round tourism is a major industry, with New York City, the Adirondacks and Catskills, and Niagara Falls popular tourist destinations.

!57 #58$59K60 K61 +62 {bml ny3govtp.shg}
The constitution (adopted 1894) provides for a governor serving a four-year term. The legislature consists of a 60-seat senate and 150-seat legislature, with members of both bodies serving two-year terms. New York is represented in the U.S. Congress by 2 senators and 34 representatives and has 36 electoral votes.

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{bmc 3nic_ndp.shg} Nickname

{bmc 3pop_ndp.shg} Population

{bmc 3brd_ndp.shg} State Bird

{bmc 3flw_ndp.shg} State Flower

{bmc 3tre_ndp.shg} State Tree

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Pop. (1986 est.) 679,000, a 4.1% increase over 1980 pop.

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State Capital


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Highest Point

White Butte, 3,506 ft (1,069 m).

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Lowest Point

Red River, 750 ft (229 m).

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{ewl MVDIB12, MVDIB12, !ND_NICKP.BMP}Sioux State; Flickertail State

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State Bird

{ewl MVDIB12, MVDIB12, !ND_BIRDP.BMP}Western Meadowlark

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State Flower

{ewl MVDIB12, MVDIB12, !ND_FLOWP.BMP}Wild Rose

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State Tree

{ewl MVDIB12, MVDIB12, !ND_TREEP.BMP}American Elm

!101 #102$103K104 K105 +106 {bml nd3histp.shg}
The French explorer Pierre de la Vérendrye visited the area in 1738, and he was followed by the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-05). The U.S. obtained the northwestern portion of the state by the Louisiana Purchase (1803) and the southeastern half from the British (1818). The first Europeans arrived (1812) as part of the short-lived Red River settlement, but the first permanent farming community was not established until 1851. The Dakota Territory was organized in 1861, although settlement was hampered until the Indians had been subdued militarily during the 1860s. Thousands of European immigrants subsequently arrived in the 1870s and 1880s. Growing agrarian discontent resulted in the growth of the Populist party, and statewide reforms were enacted (1919). Oil was discovered in the northwest in 1951, and the national energy crisis of the 1970s spurred further exploitation of the state's energy resources.

!107 #108$109K110 K111 +112 {bml nd3landp.shg}
North Dakota, state in the N central U.S.; bordered by Minnesota (E), South Dakota (S), Montana (W), and the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba (N).
Area, 70,665 sq mi (183,022 sq km).
{ewr MVDIB12, MVDIB12, !ND_LANDP.BMP}Low-lying plains in the east give way to the rolling hills of the drift prairie. In the west, across the Missouri River, lies an irregular plateau. In its southwestern portion, wind and rain erosion have shaped the terrain into the unusual clay and sand formations of the Badlands, part of Theodore Roosevelt National Park. The west is semiarid, but the east has an average annual rainfall of 22 in. (55 cm) which falls mostly in the crop-growing months. North Dakota is one of the most sparsely populated states; the largest city is Fargo, with 68,020 residents (1986 est.). In 1984 the population was almost 96% white.

!113 #114$115K116 K117 +118 {bml nd3econp.shg}
North Dakota's rich chernozem soils and fertile grasslands make agriculture the leading source of income. The most profitable farm product is wheat, followed by cattle; barley, flax, rye, and oats are also important. North Dakota possesses abundant mineral resources, especially oil, which is refined in the state; natural gas; and the country's largest reserves of lignite. Most industries are based on the processing of the state's agricultural and mineral commodities.

!119 #120$121K122 K123 +124 {bml nd3govtp.shg}
{ewr MVDIB12, MVDIB12, !ND_GOVTP.BMP}The constitution of 1889 provides for a governor elected to a four-year term. The legislature consists of 50 senators elected to four-year terms and 100 representatives serving two-year terms. The state has two U.S. senators and one representative, and it casts three electoral votes.

1! ny_1.bmp


3$ New York: Contents

4! ny_2.bmp

5# ny_info

6$ New York: Information

7! ny_3.bmp

8# ny_capital

9$ New York: State Capital

10+ ny:000;USA

11! ny_4.bmp

12# ny_population

13$ New York: Population

14+ ny:000;USA

15! ny_5.bmp

16# ny_highpoint

17$ New York: Highest Point

18+ ny:000;USA

19! ny_6.bmp

20# ny_lowpoint

21$ New York: Lowest Point

22+ ny:000;USA

23! ny_7.bmp

24# ny_nickname

25$ New York: Nickname

26+ ny:000;USA

27! ny_8.bmp

28# ny_statebird

29$ New York: State Bird

30+ ny:000;USA

31! ny_9.bmp

32# ny_stateflower

33$ New York: State Flower

34+ ny:000;USA

35! ny_10.bmp

36# ny_statetree

37$ New York: State Tree

38+ ny:000;USA

39! ny_14.bmp

40# ny_history

41$ New York: History

42K Iroquois Confederacy;Mohegan;Iroquois;Giovanni da Verrazano;Henry Hudson;New Amsterdam;Second Dutch War;American Revolution;Saratoga Campaign;Erie Canal;Abolitionism;Woman Suffrage;Alfred E. Smith;Franklin D. Roosevelt;Nelson A. Rockefeller;Thomas A. Dewey

43K y:Iroquois Confederacy; Mohegan; Iroquois; Giovanni da Verrazano; Henry Hudson; New Amsterdam; Second Dutch War; American Revolution; Saratoga Campaign; Erie Canal; Abolitionism; Woman Suffrage; Alfred E. Smith; Franklin D. Roosevelt; Nelson A. Rockefeller; Thomas A. Dewey

44+ ny:000;USA

45! ny_11.bmp

46# ny_land

47$ New York: Land and People

48K Lake Champlain;Lake George;Hudson River;Adirondack Mountains;Catskill Mountains;Lake Erie;Lake Ontario;New York City;Buffalo;Syracuse;Albany;Rochester

49K y:Lake Champlain; Lake George; Hudson River; Adirondack Mountains; Catskill Mountains; Lake Erie; Lake Ontario; New York City; Buffalo; Syracuse; Albany; Rochester

50+ ny:000;USA

51! ny_12.bmp

52# ny_economy

53$ New York: Economy

54K Machinery; Printing;Publishing;Electrical equipment;Cows;Grapes;Hay;Corn;Potatoes;Emery;Garnet;Salt;Talc;Silver;Tourism;Adirondack Mountains;Catskill Mountains;Niagara Falls

55K y:Machinery; Printing; Publishing; Electrical equipment; Cows; Grapes; Hay; Corn; Potatoes; Emery; Garnet; Salt; Talc; Silver; Tourism; Adirondack Mountains; Catskill Mountains; Niagara Falls

56+ ny:000;USA

57! ny_13.bmp

58# ny_government

59$ New York: Government

60K y:Governor; Legislature

61K Governor;Legislature

62+ ny:000;USA

63! nd_1.bmp


65$ North Dakota: Contents

66! nd_2.bmp

67# nd_info

68$ North Dakota: Information

69! nd_3.bmp

70# nd_population

71$ North Dakota: Population

72+ nd:000;USA

73! nd_4.bmp

74# nd_capital

75$ North Dakota: State Capital

76+ nd:000;USA

77! nd_5.bmp

78# nd_highpoint

79$ North Dakota: Highest Point

80+ nd:000;USA

81! nd_6.bmp

82# nd_lowpoint

83$ North Dakota: Lowest Point

84+ nd:000;USA

85! nd_7.bmp

86# nd_nickname

87$ North Dakota: Nickname

88+ nd:000;USA

89! nd_8.bmp

90# nd_statebird

91$ North Dakota: State Bird

92+ nd:000;USA

93! nd_9.bmp

94# nd_stateflower

95$ North Dakota: State Flower

96+ nd:000;USA

97! nd_10.bmp

98# nd_statetree

99$ North Dakota: State Tree

100+ nd:000;USA

101! nd_14.bmp

102# nd_history

103$ North Dakota: History

104K Pierre de la Vérendrye;Lewis and Clark;Louisiana Purchase;Red River settlement;Dakota Territory;Populist Party;

105K n:Pierre de la Vérendrye; Lewis and Clark; Louisiana Purchase; Red River settlement; Dakota Territory;Populist Party;

106+ nd:000;USA

107! nd_11.bmp

108# nd_land

109$ North Dakota: Land and People

110K Missouri River;Badlands;Theodore Roosevelt Park;Fargo;

111Kn: Missouri River; Badlands; Theodore Roosevelt Park; Fargo;

112+ nd:000;USA

113! nd_12.bmp

114# nd_economy

115$ North Dakota: Economy

116K Wheat;Cattle;Barley;Flax;Rye;Oats;Petroleum;Natural gas;Lignite

117K n:Wheat; Cattle; Barley; Flax; Rye; Oats; Petroleum; Natural gas; Lignite

118+ nd:000;USA

119! nd_13.bmp

120# nd_government

121$ North Dakota: Government

122K Governor;Legislature

123K n:Governor; Legislature

124+ nd:000;USA

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