An excerpt from Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe On the shores of our free states are emerging the poor, shattered, broken remnants of families, -- men and women, escaped, by miraculous providences, from the surges of slavery, -- feeble in knowledge, and, in mane cases, infirm in moral constitution, from a system which confounds and confuses every principle of Christianity and morality. They come to seek a refuge among you; they come to seek education, knowledge, Christianity. What do you owe to these poor, unfortunates, O Christians? Does not every American Christian owe to the African race some effort at reparation for the wrongs that the American nation has brought upon them? Shall the doors of churches and school-houses be shut down upon them? Shall states arise and shake them out? Shall the Church of Christ hear in silence the taunt that is thrown at them, and shrink away from the helpless hand that they stretch out, and shrink away from the courage the cruelty that would chase them from our borders? If it must be so, it will be a mournful spectacle, If it must be so, the country will have reason to tremble, when it remembers that fate of nations is in the hand of the One who is very pitiful, and of tender compassion. **Note – “reparation” means to pay back, restore, make up, pay for damages done.
How does the author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin feel about slavery? Use information from this portion of the book to support your answer.
In the Supreme Court case Dred Scott vs. Sanford (1857), Chief Justice Roger B. Taney announced the “Dred Scott decision” by announcing that:
Any person descended from black Africans, whether slave or free, is not a citizen of the United States.
The Ordinance of 1787 could not confer (give) freedom or citizenship within the Northwest Territory to black people.
The provisions of the Act of 1820, known as the Missouri Compromise, were voided as a legislative act because the act exceeded the powers of Congress, insofar as it attempted to exclude slavery and impart freedom and citizenship to Black people in the northern part of the Louisiana cession.
“A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe that this government cannot endure, permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved- I do not expect the house to fall- but I do expect that it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other.”
-Abraham Lincoln, June 16, 1858
What is the “house” that Lincoln is referring to in this speech?
Document Based Question This task is based on the accompanying six documents. Some of these documents may have been edited for the purpose of this task. This task is designed to test your ability to work with historical documents. As you analyze the documents, take into account both the source of each document and the author’s point of view.
Directions: Read the documents in Part A and answer the questions after each document. Then read the directions for Part B and write your essay.
The Civil War was a major war in our country’s history when more than 600,000 people died during this conflict. There were numerous reasons why this war occurred. Differences in the economies and lifestyles in the North and South contributed greatly to major disagreements within our country during the early to mid 1800s. Through many compromises over many years, leaders tried to promote a peaceful existence between the North and the South, but there were too many serious problems to heal; consequently, reconciliation was impossible resulting with the Civil War.