Biology Research Paper: Biological Warfare Introduction: Biological warfare is a great example for the controversies evoked by advances in biotechnology. The debate about biological/chemical warfare has political, ethical, social, medical, financial, legal and personal aspects.
You are assigned this research paper to investigate aspects of biological warfare to report on the following:
Unique properties of biological weapons (at least 3)
History of biological weapons (at least 3)
Current sources of biological weapons (at least 4)
The potential uses of biological weapons in warfare (at least 2) and agriculture or other aspects other than warfare (at least 2)
Challenges facing biological warfare research (at least 5)
Methods by which scientists use biological weapons
Unique properties of biological weapons (at least 3) 6 points
History of biological weapons (at least 3) 15 points
Current sources of biological weapons (at least 4) 8 points
The potential uses of biological weapons research (at least 2) 10 points and agriculture or other aspects other than warfare (at least 2) 10 points
Challenges facing biological warfare research (at least 5) 10 points
Methods by which scientists use biological weapons 5 points
Arguments for using biological weapons 5 points
Arguments against using biological weapons 5 points
Express your informed personal opinion on this topic supported by evidence and/or examples 10 points
You opinion is supported by evidence and/or examples – 10 points
References in MLA format – 6 points
TOTAL: 100 points
Debate In addition to your research paper, you will conduct a class debate for each topic. First, in a debate, you are not expressing your opinion; rather, you are assigned an affirmative or negative position on the question. Your task is to find the pertinent data and assemble it into a set of logical arguments that will support or refute the statement, depending on the side to which you have been assigned. The formality of the debate will focus our attention on the scientific information that underlies each of the issues we will address, not on our opinions.
Mini-Debate Activities Sequence and Time Limits
Crossfire Instructions—During the Crossfire period, both speakers have the floor and may ask and answer questions during the 2-minute period. The participants are instructed to keep questions and answers succinct; rudeness should not be tolerated. In the Grand Crossfire all four students have the floor. The first question must be posed by the team which did not speak just prior to the Crossfire period. One partner can take the role of questioner while the other mollifies the opposition.
A stronger partner can cover for a weaker partner.
Partners can mutually intervene to deflect questions from their opponents in order to try to unsettle well-placed attacks.
Partners can interrupt each other, not just the opposition, to shift the focus of questions and attacks.
Summary Speaker Instructions—Summary speakers will take notes of the most compelling reasons presented by themselves and their partner that are most likely to counter the arguments of their opponents and will rebuild audience connections by refocusing upon the central issue.
Last Shot Instructions—Last Shot speakers choose the one issue which matters the most and use the importance of this issue to frame the final parting shot.