Background: In the years leading up to World War I, militarists glorified warfare, and pacifists strongly denounced war. Is War ever justified? Think about this enduring issue as you look at the following viewpoints



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Is War Ever Justifiable?
Name: ____________________ Date: _________





Background: In the years leading up to World War I, militarists glorified warfare, and pacifists strongly denounced war. Is War ever justified? Think about this enduring issue as you look at the following viewpoints.
Viewpoint #1: CHINA 300 B.C.
The warrior-philosopher Sun Tzu wrote The Art of War, an influential handbook of military strategy. In it he suggests…
“A government should not mobilize an army out of anger, military leaders should not provoke a war out of wrath. Act when it is beneficial, desist when it is not. Anger can revert to joy, wrath can revert to delight, but a nation destroyed cannot be restored to existence, and the dead cannot be restored to life.”
Viewpoint #2: GERMANY 1913
Helmuth von Moltke, chief of the German General Staff, directed Germany’s strategy at the beginning of World War I:
“The German people must be made to see that we have to attack because of our enemies’ provocation. Things must be so built up that war will seem as a deliverance from the great armaments, the financial burdens, the political tensions…Germany must regain what formerly she lost.”
Viewpoint #3: Zimbabwe 1978
Bishop Abel Muzorewa joined the struggle for majority rule in his nation and later served as prime minister:
“I question whether God himself would wish me to hide behind the principles of nonviolence while innocent persons were being slaughtered.”
 Which of the viewpoints best matches your own? _________________________
Explain: ________________________________________________________________
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Which of the viewpoints is closely aligned with this statement: “Avoid war at all costs?”

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What do Sun Tzu and Bishop Muzorewa agree on when it comes to war?
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